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Hydrology → Water


Water is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula H2O. It is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, and it is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the fluids of all known living organisms. It is vital for all known forms of life, despite not providing food energy or organic micronutrients. Its chemical formula, H2O, indicates that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms, connected by covalent bonds. The hydrogen atoms are attached to the oxygen atom at an angle of 104.45°. In liquid form, H2O is also called "Water" at standard temperature and pressure.

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Organizations relating to Water

International Association for Sediment Water Science / Ljubljana, Slovenia / Est. 1984
International Council of Bottled Water Associations / Markham ON, Canada
Alliance for Water Stewardship / North Berwick, UK
European Water Resources Association / Athens, Greece / Est. 1991
African Centre for Aquatic Research and Education / Ann Arbor MI, USA / Est. 2017
Caribbean Water and Wastewater Association / St Joseph, Trinidad-Tobago / Est. 1988
Healthmatch International / Est. 1998
Latin American Bottled Water Association / Guatemala, Guatemala
African Water Association / Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire / Est. 1980
Asia Middle East Bottled Water Association / Est. 1992
European Association of Aquatic Sciences Libraries and Information Centres / Zagreb, Croatia / Est. 1988
International Water History Association / Canberra ACT, Australia / Est. 2001
International Network of Water Training Centres / Paris, France / Est. 2008
Aquapol / Est. 2002
International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering / Nara, Japan / Est. 2003
African Civil Society Network on Water and Sanitation / Nairobi, Kenya
Red Centroamericana de Acción del Agua / San José, Costa Rica
Caribbean Water and Sewerage Association / Gros-Islet, St Lucia / Est. 1996
European Union of Water Management Associations / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1996
International Organization for Natural Bathing Waters / Bremen, Germany / Est. 2009
Caribbean Desalination Association / Stuart FL, USA
Association des Echanges Méditerranéens pour l'eau, la forêt, l'énergie, et le développement durable des territoires / Paris, France / Est. 2000
Inter-State Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia / Tashkent, Uzbekistan / Est. 1992
International Life Saving Federation - Americas / Galveston TX, USA / Est. 1993
International Water and Resource Economics Consortium / Riverside CA, USA
Water and Sanitation Programme / Washington DC, USA
Comité Regional de Recursos Hidraulicos del Istmo Centroamericano / San José, Costa Rica / Est. 1966
International Water-Related Associations' Liaison Committee / Delhi, India / Est. 1994
Regional Centre on Urban Water Management, Teheran / Teheran, Iran Islamic Rep / Est. 2002
Group of European Basin Organizations for the Implementation of the Water Framework Directive / Paris, France / Est. 2003
Inter-American Centre for Studies on Water Resources / Toluca, Mexico / Est. 1989
International Center for Biosaline Agriculture / Dubai, United Arab Emirates / Est. 1999
African Ministers' Council on Water / Abuja, Nigeria / Est. 2002
Africa Groundwater Network / Harare, Zimbabwe / Est. 2008
Central American Water Resource Management Network / Calgary AB, Canada / Est. 1999
UN-Water / New York NY, USA / Est. 2003
Freshwater Action Network South America
Global Partnership for Results-Based Approaches / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2003
Global Water Solidarity / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 2012
World Youth Parliament for Water / Montréal QC, Canada / Est. 1998
International Symposium on the Properties of Water / Cork, Ireland
Internationally Shared Aquifer Resources Management / Delft, Netherlands / Est. 2000
Alliance for Global Water Adaptation / Stockholm, Sweden / Est. 2010
Global Alliances for Water and Climate / Est. 2016
Global WASH Cluster / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 2006
Latin American Water Education and Training Network / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 2002
Institut International d'Ingénierie de l'Eau et de l'Environnement / Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso / Est. 2004
Water Research Fund of Southern Africa / Harare, Zimbabwe / Est. 1999
Red Latinoamericana Contra Represas y por los Rios, sus Comunidades y el Agua / Est. 2002
Asia-Pacific Water Forum / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 2006

View all profiles (542 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Water

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Water-borne diseases
Water pollution
Long-term shortage of water
Conflicting claims to shared inland water resources
Shortage of fresh-water
Uncoordinated international river basin development
Inadequate integrated freshwater management
Instability of freshwater supply
Overexploitation of underground water resources
Water insecurity
Toxic blue-green algae in drinking water
Polluted drinking water
Waste of water
Irrigation water losses
Domestic waste water pollutants
Silting of water systems
Biological pollutants
Threatened palustrine wetland habitats
Pollution of inland waters
Water surface pollution
Water salinization
Loss of water to industrial uses
Threatened limentic habitats of lakes and reservoirs
Threatened coastal aquatic habitats with algal beds

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