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Hydrology → Water


Water is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula H2O. It is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the fluids of all known living organisms (in which it acts as a solvent). It is vital for all known forms of life, despite not providing food, energy or organic micronutrients. Its chemical formula, H2O, indicates that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms, connected by covalent bonds. The hydrogen atoms are attached to the oxygen atom at an angle of 104.45°. "Water" is also the name of the liquid state of H2O at standard temperature and pressure.

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Organizations relating to Water

International Association for Sediment Water Science / Ljubljana, Slovenia / Est. 1984
International Council of Bottled Water Associations / Markham ON, Canada
Alliance for Water Stewardship / North Berwick, UK
European Water Resources Association / Athens, Greece / Est. 1991
African Centre for Aquatic Research and Education / Ann Arbor MI, USA / Est. 2017
Caribbean Water and Wastewater Association / St Joseph, Trinidad-Tobago / Est. 1988
Healthmatch International / Est. 1998
Latin American Bottled Water Association / Guatemala, Guatemala
African Water Association / Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire / Est. 1980
Asia Middle East Bottled Water Association / Est. 1992
Natural Mineral Waters Europe / Brussels, Belgium
Maghreb-Mashreq Alliance for Water / Casablanca, Morocco / Est. 1993
European Association of Aquatic Sciences Libraries and Information Centres / Zagreb, Croatia / Est. 1988
International Water History Association / Canberra ACT, Australia / Est. 2001
World Aquatic Veterinary Medical Association / Conifer CO, USA / Est. 2007
Association scientifique européenne pour l'eau et la santé / Paris, France / Est. 1969
International Network of Water Training Centres / Paris, France / Est. 2008
Aquapol / Est. 2002
International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering / Nara, Japan / Est. 2003
European Water Treatment Association / Brussels, Belgium
African Civil Society Network on Water and Sanitation / Nairobi, Kenya
Red Centroamericana de Acción del Agua / San José, Costa Rica
Caribbean Water and Sewerage Association / Gros-Islet, St Lucia / Est. 1996
European Union of Water Management Associations / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1996
International Organization for Natural Bathing Waters / Bremen, Germany / Est. 2009
Caribbean Desalination Association / Stuart FL, USA
Association des Echanges Méditerranéens pour l'eau, la forêt, l'énergie, et le développement durable des territoires / Paris, France / Est. 2000
European Water Jetting Institute / Leganés, Spain / Est. 2013
Asociación de Entes Reguladores de Agua y Saneamiento de las Americas / Asunción, Paraguay / Est. 2001
Water Reuse Europe / Cranfield, UK / Est. 2016
Agricultural and Land and Water Use Commission for the Near East / Cairo, Egypt
Inter-State Commission for Water Coordination of Central Asia / Tashkent, Uzbekistan / Est. 1992
International Environmental Technology Centre / Osaka, Japan / Est. 1992
International Life Saving Federation - Americas / Galveston TX, USA / Est. 1993
International Network on Small Hydro Power / Hangzhou, China / Est. 2000
International Water and Resource Economics Consortium / Riverside CA, USA
Water and Sanitation Programme / Washington DC, USA
Comité Regional de Recursos Hidraulicos del Istmo Centroamericano / San José, Costa Rica / Est. 1966
International Water-Related Associations' Liaison Committee / Delhi, India / Est. 1994
Regional Centre on Urban Water Management, Teheran / Teheran, Iran Islamic Rep / Est. 2002
Permanent Joint Technical Commission for Nile Waters / Giza, Egypt / Est. 1960
Group of European Basin Organizations for the Implementation of the Water Framework Directive / Paris, France / Est. 2003
Inter-American Centre for Studies on Water Resources / Toluca, Mexico / Est. 1989
International Center for Biosaline Agriculture / Dubai, United Arab Emirates / Est. 1999
African Ministers' Council on Water / Abuja, Nigeria / Est. 2002
Internationale Kommission zum Schutz der Elbe / Magdeburg, Germany / Est. 1990
Africa Groundwater Network / Harare, Zimbabwe / Est. 2008
Central American Water Resource Management Network / Calgary AB, Canada / Est. 1999
UN-Water / New York NY, USA / Est. 2003
Regional Network of Water-Basin - Organizations from Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia / Tashkent, Uzbekistan / Est. 2010

View all profiles (528 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Water

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Water-borne diseases
Water pollution
Long-term shortage of water
Conflicting claims to shared inland water resources
Shortage of fresh-water
Uncoordinated international river basin development
Inadequate integrated freshwater management
Instability of freshwater supply
Overexploitation of underground water resources
Water insecurity
Toxic blue-green algae in drinking water
Polluted drinking water
Waste of water
Irrigation water losses
Domestic waste water pollutants
Silting of water systems
Biological pollutants
Threatened palustrine wetland habitats
Pollution of inland waters
Water surface pollution
Water salinization
Loss of water to industrial uses
Threatened limentic habitats of lakes and reservoirs
Threatened coastal aquatic habitats with algal beds

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