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Fundamental Sciences → Material

Description

Material is a substance or mixture of substances that constitutes an object. Materials can be pure or impure, living or non-living matter. Materials can be classified on the basis of their physical and chemical properties, or on their geological origin or biological function. Materials science is the study of materials, their properties and their applications.

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Organizations relating to Material

Trades Union International of Workers in the Building, Wood, Building Materials and Allied Industries / Nicosia, Cyprus / Est. 1949
International Society for Construction with Alternative Materials / Leuven, Belgium / Est. 1992
African Materials Research Society / Accra, Ghana / Est. 2002
Latin American Federation of Building, Wood and Building Materials Unions / Salvador, Brazil
Association for International Cooperation and Research in Steel-Concrete Composite Structures / Bradford, UK
European Society for Composite Materials / Garching, Germany / Est. 1998
International Pyrotechnics Society / Gilbert AZ, USA / Est. 1980
European Renewable Raw Materials Association / Langen, Germany
International Confederation of Construction and Building Materials Industry Workers' Unions / Moscow, Russia
European Materials Handling Federation / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1953
Federation of European Materials Societies / Boutersem, Belgium / Est. 1987
European Network of Materials Research Centres / Zwijnaarde, Belgium
IASPEI/IAVCEI Joint Commission on Physics and Chemistry of Earth Materials / Miami FL, USA / Est. 1996
Permanent International Committee for Research on the Preservation of Materials in the Marine Environment / La Garde, France
Far East Oceanic Fracture Society / Pohang, Korea Rep / Est. 1987
International Institute for FRP in Construction / Kingston ON, Canada / Est. 2003
International Mesostructured Materials Association / Shanghai, China / Est. 2000
European Virtual Institute on Knowledge-Based Multifunctional Materials / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2007
ASM International / Materials Park OH, USA / Est. 1913
European Technology Platform on Advanced Engineering Materials and Technologies / Eibar, Spain / Est. 2004
World Nuclear Fuel Market / Norcross GA, USA
International Disk Drive Equipment and Materials Association / San Jose CA, USA / Est. 1986
Versailles Project on Advanced Materials and Standards / Teddington, UK / Est. 1982
World Materials Research Institutes Forum / Tsukuba, Japan / Est. 2005
Energy Materials Industrial Research Initiative / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2012
European Nanoporous Materials Institute of Excellence / Stuttgart, Germany
Materials World Network / Evanston IL, USA / Est. 1995
Minerals, Metals and Materials Society / Pittsburgh PA, USA
Institute of Materials Engineering, Australasia / Melbourne VIC, Australia / Est. 1946
Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter / Est. 1946
International Center for Materials Research / Santa Barbara CA, USA
Universalis Matter / Paris, France
Arab Federation for Paper, Printing and Packaging Industries / Beirut, Lebanon / Est. 1977
Network of African Countries on Local Building Materials and Technologies / Nairobi, Kenya / Est. 1985
European Association for Tapes, Braids, Elastic Materials / Est. 1959
Latin American Federation of Workers of the Construction Industry, Wood and Building Materials / Est. 1969
International Association for Materials Testing / Est. 1884
International Association for Psychotronic Research / Luxembourg, Luxembourg / Est. 1973
European Paper Institute / Est. 1979
International Association on Layered and Graded Materials / Est. 2003
International Ferrocement Society / Tavares FL, USA / Est. 1991
Nordiska Samarbetskommittén för Materialforskning och- Provning
Groupement des utilisateurs de matériaux réfractaires / Est. 1967
Arab Federation of Construction, Wood and Building Materials
International Materials Conference / Est. 1951
Asian-Australasian Association for Composite Materials / Est. 1997
International Centre for Materials Technology Promotion / Beijing, China
UNU Institute for Integrated Management of Material Fluxes and of Resources / Dresden, Germany / Est. 2012
Society for the Advancement of Material and Process Engineering / Covina CA, USA / Est. 1944
European Composite Industry Forum / Leusden, Netherlands

View all profiles (224 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Material

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Corporate control of genetic material
Over-use of formaldehyde in building materials and personal products
Proliferation of nuclear weapons and technology
Instability of the commodities trade
Abusive experimentation on humans
Human consumption of animals
Pornography
Atmospheric corrosion of materials
Failure of materials
Unavailability of building materials
Irresponsible transfer of sensitive technologies
Illegal exports of nuclear materials
Discharge of dangerous substances into sewage systems
Resource consumption exacerbated by price distortions
Insufficient use of natural resources
Criminal offences against the environment
Structural failure
Insufficient recycling of materials
Environmental hazards from plastic materials
Restricted delivery of essential services to rural communities
Dumping radioactive substances
Vulnerable nuclear weapons arsenals
Inaccessible religious records
Fatigue in materials
Environmental hazards from chemicals

Action Strategies relating to Material

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Harmonizing transport of dangerous goods
Protecting against environmental hazards from plastic materials
Stimulating exploitation of natural resources
Reducing alternatives for development of natural resources
Assuring supply of natural resources
Delineating needs for natural resources
Discovering new possibilities for use of natural resources
Discovering new sources of natural resources
Researching natural resources
Rationalizing simultaneous development of natural resources
Preempting abusive use of non-renewable resources
Extracting natural resources
Ensuring development of natural resources
Planning development of natural resources
Preserving natural resources
Recycling materials
Refining mode of access to natural resources
Providing public health information
Ignoring patents
Providing information on astronomy
Developing safer alternatives to dangerous materials
Shifting from materials-intensive growth in developed countries
Achieving growth with less energy, materials and harmful wastes
Ensuring economical usage of natural resources by industry
Using recycled materials

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