Law is a system of rules created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior, with its precise definition a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a group legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes; by the executive through decrees and regulations; or established by judges through precedent, usually in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals may create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that adopt alternative ways of resolving disputes to standard court litigation. The creation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.

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Second Level Subjects

Tribunals, Courts
Law Enforcement

Organizations relating to Law

International Council of Environmental Law / Madrid, Spain / Est. 1969
World Trade Organization / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1995
World Muslim Congress / Karachi, Pakistan / Est. 1926
International Renewable Energy Agency / Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates / Est. 2009
International Association of Democratic Lawyers / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1946
International Association of Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions / Paris, France / Est. 1983
Académie internationale de droit comparé / Paris, France / Est. 1924
International Society for the Reform of Criminal Law / Vancouver BC, Canada / Est. 1987
Institute of International Law / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1873
International Association of Refugee and Migration Judges / Haarlem, Netherlands / Est. 1997
Institut international de droit d'expression et d'inspiration françaises / Paris, France / Est. 1964
International Academy of Legal Medicine / Padua, Italy / Est. 1938
North Atlantic Treaty Organization / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1949
International Institute of Humanitarian Law / San Remo, Italy / Est. 1970
International Association of Constitutional Law / Kristiansand, Norway / Est. 1981
International Association of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1988
International Nuclear Law Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1970
Conferência das Jurisdições Constitucionais dos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa / Maputo, Mozambique / Est. 2008
International Committee on Regulatory Authority Research and Development / Est. 1994
Association for International Arbitration / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
International Dispute Resolution Institute / Abuja, Nigeria
World Link for Law / Helston, UK / Est. 1989
Academy of European Private Lawyers / Milan, Italy / Est. 1992
The Organization for Professionals in Regulatory Affairs / London, UK / Est. 1986
Latin American and Iberian Law and Economics Association / Santiago, Chile / Est. 1994
International Federation for European Law / Est. 1961
ASEAN Law Association / Jakarta, Indonesia / Est. 1979
International Federation for Peace and Conciliation / Moscow, Russia / Est. 1992
Organisation pour l'Harmonisation en Afrique du Droit des Affaires / Yaoundé, Cameroon / Est. 1993
Asociación Americana de Derecho Internacional Privado / Est. 2007
International Association for Procedural Law / Paris, France / Est. 1950
Mobile Mediterranean University of Mastology / Ioannina, Greece / Est. 1992
African Jurists' Association / Dakar, Senegal / Est. 1979
Association des hautes juridictions de cassation des pays ayant en partage l'usage du Français / Paris, France / Est. 2001
Latin American Institute for the Ombudsman / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1984
Council of Legal Education / Georgetown, Guyana / Est. 1971
Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia / Pathum Thani, Thailand / Est. 2001
Society for Medieval Canon Law / Keele, UK / Est. 1988
International Federation of Computer Law Associations / London, UK / Est. 1986
International Association of Practising Lawyers / Zug, Switzerland / Est. 1982
European Association of Psychology and Law / Est. 1992
Agency for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean / Mexico City, Mexico / Est. 1969
African Union / Addis Ababa, Ethiopia / Est. 2001
Association of the Councils of State and Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions of the European Union / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1998
International Pension and Employee Benefits Lawyers Association / Toronto ON, Canada / Est. 1987
African Association of International Law / Arusha, Tanzania UR / Est. 1986
Instituto Iberoamericano de Derecho Aeronautico y del Espacio y de la Aviación Comercial / Madrid, Spain / Est. 1964
Benelux Association for Trademark and Design Law / Wijk bij Duurstede, Netherlands / Est. 1974
Entente Council / Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire / Est. 1959
Andean Commission of Jurists / Lima, Peru / Est. 1980

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