Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean Water & Sanitation


Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in and there is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. However, due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, millions of people including children die every year from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.

Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. At the current time, more than 2 billion people are living with the risk of reduced access to freshwater resources and by 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. Drought in specific afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition. Fortunately, there has been great progress made in the past decade regarding drinking sources and sanitation, whereby over 90% of the world’s population now has access to improved sources of drinking water.

To improve sanitation and access to drinking water, there needs to be increased investment in management of freshwater ecosystems and sanitation facilities on a local level in several developing countries within Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia and South-Eastern Asia.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

International Centre of Water for Food Security

IC Water Wagga Wagga Australia G Institutes

International Commission for the Hydrology of the Rhine Basin

1970 Lelystad Netherlands D g IGOs

International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River

ICPDR 1998 Vienna Austria E gy International Federations, IGOs

International Commission for the Protection of the Odra River against Pollution

ICPO 1996 Wroclaw Poland E g IGOs

International Commission for the Protection of the Water Lake Geneva

1962 Nyon Switzerland G

International Commission of the Meuse

1998 Liège Belgium E g IGOs

International Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution

ICACGP 1957 Bremen Germany E v

International Commission on Biological Effects of Noise

ICBEN 1968 The Hague Netherlands E v

International Commission on Illumination

1900 Vienna Austria C

International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage

ICID 1950 Delhi India B

International Commissions for the Protection of the Moselle and Saar

ICPMS 1961 Konz-Saarburg Germany E g IGOs

International Committee on Contaminated Land

ICCL 1993 Vienna Austria E

International Committee on Food Microbiology and Hygiene

ICFMH 1953 Girona Spain E v

International Confederation of Contamination Control Societies

ICCCS 1972 Düsseldorf Germany D

International Confederation of Water Transport Workers' Unions

ICWTWU 1992 Moscow Russia D Trade and Labour Unions

International Conference on Air Quality - Science and Application

Hatfield UK S c Conference Series

International Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Aquatic Habitats

CARAH S c Conference Series

International Conference on Environmental Contamination

Edinburgh UK S c Conference Series

International Conference on Gas-Liquid and Gas-Liquid-Solid Reactor Engineering

GLS Rugby UK S c Conference Series

International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant

ICMGP S c Conference Series

International Conference on Water Jetting

1972 Bedford UK S c Conference Series

International Conferences on Waste Minimization and Clean Technology

Los Angeles CA USA S c Conference Series

International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments

BWM 2004 2004 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

MARPOL 1973 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships as Modified by the Protocol of 1978

1978 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil

OILPOL 1954 T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage

BUNKERS 2001 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

CLC 1969 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea

HNS 1996 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness Response and Cooperation

OPRC 1990 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention on Salvage

1989 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships

2001 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties

INTERVENTION 1969 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems

ICP-IM Helsinki Finland E

International Council of Bottled Water Associations

ICBWA Markham ON Canada C y International Federations

International Council on Clean Transportation

ICCT Washington DC USA C

International Council on Large Electric Systems

1921 Paris France C

International Council on Surgical Plume

ICSP Clarence NY USA N

International Dark-Sky Association

IDA 1988 Tucson AZ USA G v

International Data Centre on Hydrology of Lakes and Reservoirs

HYDROLARE 2009 St Petersburg Russia E g IGOs

International Desalination Association

IDA 1984 Topsfield MA USA C

International Economic Association Interatomenergo

IEA Interatomenergo 1973 Moscow Russia D ge IGOs

International Emissions Trading Association

IETA 1999 Geneva Switzerland D

International Environmental Association of Odour Managers

Bilbao Spain J

International Environmental Technology Centre

IETC 1992 Osaka Japan E g IGOs

International Federation of Angling in Fresh Waters

1972 Rome Italy K

International Federation of Dental Hygienists

IFDH Rockville MD USA D

International Federation of Hydrographic Societies

IFHS 1972 Plymouth UK F

International Federation of Private Water Operators

AquaFed 2005 Paris France C

International Foundation for the Protection of Drinking Water

1983 Auckland New Zealand G f Foundations

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