Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean Water & Sanitation


Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in and there is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. However, due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, millions of people including children die every year from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.

Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. At the current time, more than 2 billion people are living with the risk of reduced access to freshwater resources and by 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. Drought in specific afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition. Fortunately, there has been great progress made in the past decade regarding drinking sources and sanitation, whereby over 90% of the world’s population now has access to improved sources of drinking water.

To improve sanitation and access to drinking water, there needs to be increased investment in management of freshwater ecosystems and sanitation facilities on a local level in several developing countries within Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia and South-Eastern Asia.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Community World Service Asia

1954 Karachi Pakistan F

Community-COST Concertation Agreement on a Concerted Action Project in the Field of Analysis of Organic Micro-pollutants in Water

1980 T g

Community-COST Concertation Agreement on a Concerted Action Project in the Field of Physico-chemical Behaviour of Atmospheric Pollutants

1980 T g

Community-COST Concertation Agreement on a Concerted Action Project in the Field of Treatment and Use of Sewage Sludge

1979 T g

Complementary Protocol to the Agreement on Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Southeast Pacific by Hydrocarbons and other Harmful Substances

1983 Quito Ecuador T g

Complementary Protocol to the Agreement on Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Southeast Pacific by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency

1983 T g

Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants

CEWEP 2002 Düsseldorf Germany D

Conference of Directors of the Ibero American Meteorological and Hydrological Services

2003 Madrid Madrid Spain F

Conference of Directors of the West African National Meteorological and Hydrological Services

AFRIMET Madrid Madrid Spain E

Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations

CONGO 1948 Geneva GE Switzerland E y

Conference on Process Integration for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction

PRES 2003 S c

Conseil européen de l'industrie chimique

CEFIC 1972 Brussels Belgium D y

Construction Products Europe

1988 Brussels Belgium D y

Consultation of Heads of Water Management Organizations

S cg

Containers of Hope

1994 Romford UK N

Convention Concerning Fishing in the Waters of the Danube

1958 T g

Convention Concerning Hygiene in Commerce and Offices

1964 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning the Protection of Workers Against Occupational Hazards in the Working Environment Due to Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration

1977 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft

Oslo Convention 1972 T g

Convention for the Protection of the Rhine Against Chemical Pollution

1976 T g

Convention for the Protection of the Rhine from Pollution by Chlorides Modified by Exchanges of Letters

1976 T g

Convention Internationale sur la Responsabilité et L'indemnisation pour les Dommages Liés au Transport par Mer de Substances Nocives et Potentiellement Dangereuses

Convention SNPD 1996 T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

1977 T g

Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution

1979 Geneva GE Switzerland F g

Convention on the Ban of the Import of Hazardous Wastes into Africa and on the Control of Their Transboundary Movements within Africa

Bamako Convention 1991 T g

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter

LDC 1972 London UK T g

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources

Paris Convention 1974 T g

Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution

Bucharest convention 1992 Istanbul Istanbul Turkey T g

Convention Regulating the Withdrawal of Water from Lake Constance

1966 T g

Convention Relating to the Salvage of Torpedoes

1934 T g

Convention Relative à la Collecte, au Dépôt et à la Réception des Déchets Survenant en Navigation Rhenane et Intérieure

1996 T g

Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous Wastes and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific

Waigani convention 1995 T g

Cooperation Agreement for the Protection of North-East Atlantic Coasts and Waters Against Pollution

Lisbon Agreement 1990 T g

Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

EMEP 1979 Geneva GE Switzerland F g

Cooperazione Internazionale

COOPI 1962 Milan MI Italy G

Coordinating Committee of the Organization for Voluntary Service

1972 Milan MI Italy G

CoST - the Infrastructure Transparency Initiative

CoST London UK E g

Council of Regional Organisations of the Pacific

CROP 1988 Suva Fiji E gy

Cross International

Pompano Beach FL USA G

Deep Ocean Water Applications Society

DOWAS 1997 Saga Saga Japan J

Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities

DARIAH-EU 2014 Berlin Germany F

Don Bosco Network

DBN Rome Italy F y

E3G - Third Generation Environmentalism

2004 London UK G

Earth Child Institute

ECI F j

Earth Commission

2019 Stockholm Sweden E

Earth Law Center

2008 New York NY USA G

Earth Rights Institute

ERI 2001 Santa Monica CA USA G j

Earth5R

J

EarthAction

EA 1992 Amherst MA USA F y

Earthjustice

1971 San Francisco CA USA G f

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