Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean Water & Sanitation


Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in and there is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. However, due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, millions of people including children die every year from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.

Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. At the current time, more than 2 billion people are living with the risk of reduced access to freshwater resources and by 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. Drought in specific afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition. Fortunately, there has been great progress made in the past decade regarding drinking sources and sanitation, whereby over 90% of the world’s population now has access to improved sources of drinking water.

To improve sanitation and access to drinking water, there needs to be increased investment in management of freshwater ecosystems and sanitation facilities on a local level in several developing countries within Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia and South-Eastern Asia.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources

Paris Convention 1974 T g

Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution

Bucharest convention 1992 Istanbul Turkey T g

Convention Regulating the Withdrawal of Water from Lake Constance

1966 T g

Convention Relating to the Salvage of Torpedoes

1934 T g

Convention Relative à la Collecte, au Dépôt et à la Réception des Déchets Survenant en Navigation Rhenane et Intérieure

1996 T g

Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous Wastes and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific

Waigani convention 1995 T g

Cooperation Agreement for the Protection of North-East Atlantic Coasts and Waters Against Pollution

Lisbon Agreement 1990 T g

Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

EMEP 1979 Geneva Switzerland F g

Cooperazione Internazionale

COOPI 1965 Milan Italy G

Coordinating Committee of the Organization for Voluntary Service

1972 Milan Italy G

CoST - the Infrastructure Transparency Initiative

CoST London UK E g

Council of Regional Organisations of the Pacific

CROP 1988 Suva Fiji E gy

Cross International

Pompano Beach FL USA G

Danish Refugee Council

DRC 1956 Copenhagen Denmark G y

Deep Ocean Water Applications Society

DOWAS 1997 Saga Japan J

Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities

DARIAH-EU 2014 Berlin Germany F

Don Bosco Network

DBN Rome Italy F y

E3G - Third Generation Environmentalism

2004 London UK G

Earth Child Institute

ECI F j

Earth Commission

2019 Stockholm Sweden E

Earth Law Center

2008 New York NY G

Earth Rights Institute

ERI 2001 Santa Monica CA USA G j

Earth5R

2014 Mumbai India F

EarthAction

EA 1992 Amherst MA USA F y

Earthjustice

1971 San Francisco CA USA G f

Earthlife Africa

ELA 1988 Dalbridge South Africa G v

East Asia and Pacific Infrastructure Regulatory Forum

EAPIRF 2003 Delhi India F

East Asia Hydrographic Commission

EAHC 1971 Monte Carlo Monaco K g

Eastern Africa Coalition on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

EACOR Nairobi Kenya G

Eastern Atlantic Hydrographic Commission

EAtHC 1984 Monte Carlo Monaco K g

Eau Sans Frontières Internationale

1978 Paris France G

Eau vive

1978 Montreuil France G

Eau, agriculture et santé en milieu tropical

EAST 1983 Paris France G

ECLOF International

1946 Geneva Switzerland F f

ECO Science Foundation

ECOSF 2011 Islamabad Pakistan E fg

EcoMENA

2012 Doha Qatar F

Economy for the Common Good

ECG Hamburg Germany C

Ecopreneur.eu - European Sustainable Business Federation

2016 Brussels Belgium D

ECOWAS Regional Electricity Regulatory Authority

ERERA 2008 Accra Ghana E g

EGI Foundation

EGI.eu 2010 Amsterdam Netherlands F fy

EIB Institute

2012 Luxembourg Luxembourg E gj

Ekklesia Society

1996 Frisco TX F v

Emmaus International

1971 Montreuil France E

Empowers Africa

New York NY USA G

End Water Poverty

EWP 2007 London UK F y

Energy 4 Impact

2002 London UK F

Energy and Resources Institute

TERI 1974 Delhi India G j

Energy Council of the Americas

ECOTA N b

Energy Regulators Association of East Africa

EREA 2008 Arusha Tanzania UR D

Energy Technologies Europe

2001 Brussels Belgium D

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