Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean Water & Sanitation

Access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene is the most basic human need for health and well-being. Billions of people will lack access to these basic services in 2030 unless progress quadruples. Demand for water is rising owing to rapid population growth, urbanization and increasing water needs from agriculture, industry, and energy sectors.

The demand for water has outpaced population growth, and half the world’s population is already experiencing severe water scarcity at least one month a year. Water scarcity is projected to increase with the rise of global temperatures as a result of climate change.

Investments in infrastructure and sanitation facilities; protection and restoration of water- related ecosystems; and hygiene education are among the steps necessary to ensure universal access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030, and improving water-use efficiency is one key to reducing water stress.

There has been positive progress. Between 2015 and 2022, the proportion of the world’s population with access to safely managed drinking water increased from 69 per cent to 73 per cent.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Complementary Protocol to the Agreement on Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Southeast Pacific by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency

1983 T g

Conference of Directors of the Ibero American Meteorological and Hydrological Services

2003 Madrid Spain F

Conference of Directors of the West African National Meteorological and Hydrological Services

AFRIMET Madrid Spain E

Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations

CONGO 1948 Geneva Switzerland E y

Conference on Process Integration for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction

PRES 2003 S c

Conférence Permanente des Chambres Consulaires Africaines et Francophones

CPCCAF 1973 Paris France C y

Conseil européen de l'industrie chimique

CEFIC 1972 Brussels Belgium D yt

Consortium of Non-Traditional Security Studies in Asia

NTS-Asia 2007 Singapore Singapore F y

Construction Products Europe

1988 Brussels Belgium D yt

Consultation of Heads of Water Management Organizations

S cg

Consultative Meeting of Contracting Parties to the London Convention/Meeting of Contracting Parties to the London Protocol

1975 London UK F g

Containers of Hope

1994 Romford UK N

Convention Concerning Fishing in the Waters of the Danube

1958 T g

Convention Concerning Hygiene in Commerce and Offices

1964 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning the Protection of Workers Against Occupational Hazards in the Working Environment Due to Air Pollution, Noise and Vibration

1977 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft

Oslo Convention 1972 T g

Convention for the Protection of the Rhine Against Chemical Pollution

1976 T g

Convention for the Protection of the Rhine from Pollution by Chlorides Modified by Exchanges of Letters

1976 T g

Convention Internationale sur la Responsabilité et L'indemnisation pour les Dommages Liés au Transport par Mer de Substances Nocives et Potentiellement Dangereuses

Convention SNPD 1996 T g

Convention of Independent Financial Advisors

CIFA 2001 Geneva Switzerland G f

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

1977 T g

Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution

1979 Geneva Switzerland F g

Convention on the Ban of the Import of Hazardous Wastes into Africa and on the Control of Their Transboundary Movements within Africa

Bamako Convention 1991 T g

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter

LDC 1972 London UK T g

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources

Paris Convention 1974 T g

Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution

Bucharest convention 1992 Istanbul Türkiye T g

Convention Regulating the Withdrawal of Water from Lake Constance

1966 T g

Convention Relating to the Salvage of Torpedoes

1934 T g

Convention Relative à la Collecte, au Dépôt et à la Réception des Déchets Survenant en Navigation Rhenane et Intérieure

1996 T g

Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous Wastes and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific

Waigani convention 1995 T g

Cooperation Agreement for the Protection of North-East Atlantic Coasts and Waters Against Pollution

Lisbon Agreement 1990 T g

Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

EMEP 1979 Geneva Switzerland F g

Cooperazione Internazionale

COOPI 1965 Milan Italy G

Coordinating Committee of the Organization for Voluntary Service

1972 Milan Italy G

CoST - the Infrastructure Transparency Initiative

CoST London UK E g

Council of Regional Organisations of the Pacific

CROP 1988 Suva Fiji E gy

Cross International

Pompano Beach FL USA G

Deep Ocean Water Applications Society

DOWAS 1997 Saga Japan J

Defence for Children International

DCI 1979 Geneva Switzerland F

Dhaka Ahsania Mission

DAM 1958 Dhaka Bangladesh G

Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities

DARIAH-EU 2014 Berlin Germany E

Don Bosco Network

DBN Rome Italy F y

Donau Soja

2012 Vienna Austria D

Drinkable Rivers

2020 Zandvoort Netherlands G

E3G - Third Generation Environmentalism

2004 London UK G

Earth Child Institute


Earth Commission

2019 Stockholm Sweden E

Earth Law Center

2008 Durango CO USA G

Earth Rights Institute

ERI 2001 Santa Monica CA USA G j


2014 Mumbai India F