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Paleontology, also spelled palaeontology or palæontology, is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene epoch. It includes the study of fossils to classify organisms and study their interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as the 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier's work on comparative anatomy, and developed rapidly in the 19th century. The term has been used since 1822 formed from Greek παλαιός, ὄν, and λόγος.

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Organizations relating to Paleontology

International Federation of Palynological Societies / Keyworth, UK / Est. 1966
European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologists / Karlsruhe, Germany / Est. 2003
International Society for Diatom Research / Est. 1985
Central European Diatomists / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1987
International Association of Radiolarian Palaeontologists / Niigata, Japan
International Organization of Palaeobotany / Dresden, Germany / Est. 1954
Institut méditerranéen d'écologie et paléoécologie / Marseille, France
European Palaeontological Association / Est. 1991
International Association for the Study of Human Palaeontology / Paris, France / Est. 1982
Association of Australasian Palaeontologists / Sydney NSW, Australia
International Association of Angiosperm Paleontology
International Mammoth Committee / Geneva, Switzerland
Musée des langues du monde / Rueil-Malmaison, France / Est. 1998
Institut international du paléozoique / Notre-Dame-du-Mont-Carmel QC, Canada
ESF Network on Fossil Insects
African Committee for Palynology
International Conference on Taphonomy and Fossilisation / Est. 1990
International Fossil Algae Association / Knoxville TN, USA / Est. 1974
Micropalaeontology Society, The / Silkeborg, Denmark / Est. 1970
East African Association for Paleoanthropology and Paleontology / Est. 2005
Association des diatomistes de langue française / Thonon-les-Bains, France / Est. 1980
Paleopathology Association / Durham, UK / Est. 1973
Asociación Latinoamericana de Paleobotanica y Palinologia / Diamante, Argentina / Est. 1972
Marketing Agencies Association Worldwide
Commission internationale de microflore du paléozoïque / Leimen, Germany / Est. 1958
International Association for the Study of Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera / Toulouse, France / Est. 1971
International Palaeontological Association / Est. 1933

View all profiles (37 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Paleontology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Overexploitation of underground water resources
Exploitation of fossil fuels
Abusive collection of specimens

Action Strategies relating to Paleontology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Using fossil fuel more efficiently
Reducing fossil fuel use
Reducing petroleum fuel emissions to the atmosphere
Introducing carbon taxes
Conserving fossil fuels
Applying energy taxes
Reducing dependence of agricultural systems on fossil fuels
Monitoring fossil fuel emissions
Conserving energy in transportation
Studying palaeontology
Resisting taxing fossil fuel use
Studying human palaeontology

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