UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

Second Level Subjects

Law Enforcement
Tribunals, Courts


Law is commonly understood as a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate conduct, although its precise definition is a matter of longstanding debate. It has been variously described as a science and the art of justice. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.

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Organizations relating to Law

Indo-Pacific Association of Law, Medicine and Science / Petaling Jaya, Malaysia / Est. 1983
Global Contract Foundation / Hamburg, Germany
Convention Affecting the Nationality of Arabs Resident in Countries to Which They Are Not Related by Origin / Est. 1952
Eurosafe / Holmfirth, UK / Est. 1988
European Forum for Restorative Justice / Leuven, Belgium / Est. 2000
Convention on the Law Applicable to International Sales of Goods / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1955
Regional Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Diplomas and Degrees in Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific / Paris, France / Est. 1983
Institute for German and European Business, Competition and Regulatory Law / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1986
Chemical Legislation European Enforcement Network / Sundbyberg, Sweden / Est. 2000
World Federation of Insurance Intermediaries / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1999
International Association of Prosecutors / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1995
Consultative Meeting of Contracting Parties to the London Convention/Meeting of Contracting Parties to the London Protocol / London, UK / Est. 1975
FIAN International / Heidelberg, Germany / Est. 1986
Asia Pacific Tchoukball Federation / Kaohsiung, Taiwan / Est. 1999
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights / Est. 1966
Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights / Est. 1966
Economic Court of the Commonwealth of Independent States / Minsk, Belarus / Est. 1992
Sanitary Convention, 1904 / Est. 1904
International Association of Coroners and Medical Examiners / Las Vegas NV, USA / Est. 1938
Convention Abolishing the Legalization of Documents in the Member States of the European Communities / Est. 1987
Swiss Institute of Comparative Law / Lausanne, Switzerland / Est. 1978
Agreement Concerning Interim Arrangements Relating to Polymetallic Nodules of the Deep Sea Bed / Est. 1982
Additional Protocol to the European Agreement on the Exchanges of Blood-grouping Reagents / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1983
International Integration Institute of the Andrés Bello Convention / La Paz, Bolivia / Est. 1975
Lawyers' Rights Watch Canada / Vancouver BC, Canada / Est. 2000

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