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Paleontology, also spelled palaeontology or palæontology, is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch. It includes the study of fossils to classify organisms and study interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as the 5th century BCE. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier's work on comparative anatomy, and developed rapidly in the 19th century. The term itself originates from Greek παλαιός, palaios, "old, ancient", ὄν, on, "being, creature" and λόγος, logos, "speech, thought, study".

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Organizations relating to Paleontology

Paleopathology Association / Bradford, UK / Est. 1973
International Society of Environmental Micropaleontology, Microbiology and Meiobenthology / Chennai, India / Est. 2001
International Fossil Algae Association / Knoxville TN, USA / Est. 1974
European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontologists / Karlsruhe, Germany / Est. 2003
Institut méditerranéen d'écologie et paléoécologie / Marseille, France
International Association of Radiolarian Palaeontologists / Niigata, Japan
Association of Australasian Palaeontologists / Sydney, Australia
International Commission on Palaeozoic Microflora / Leimen, Germany / Est. 1958
Micropalaeontology Society, The / Münster, Germany / Est. 1970
Association des diatomistes de langue française / Thonon-les-Bains, France / Est. 1980
International Society for Diatom Research / Aberystwyth, UK / Est. 1985
Marketing Agencies Association Worldwide
Central European Diatomists / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1987
Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1996
International Federation of Palynological Societies / Keyworth, UK / Est. 1966
International Palaeontological Association / Est. 1933
Latin American Association of Paleobotany and Palynology / Diamante, Argentina / Est. 1972
International Organization of Palaeobotany / Dresden, Germany / Est. 1954
Society for Sedimentary Geology / Tulsa OK, USA
International Association for the Study of Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera / Toulouse, France / Est. 1971
International Paleolimnology Association / Est. 2006
East African Association for Paleoanthropology and Paleontology / Est. 2005

View all profiles (22 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Paleontology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Overexploitation of underground water resources
Exploitation of fossil fuels
Destruction of palaeontological sites
Abusive collection of specimens

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