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Hydrology → Water

UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 6: Clean Water and Sanitation


Water is an inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the fluids of most living organisms. It is vital for all known forms of life, even though it provides no calories or organic nutrients. Its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms, connected by covalent bonds. Water is the name of the liquid state of H2O at standard ambient temperature and pressure. It forms precipitation in the form of rain and aerosols in the form of fog. Clouds are formed from suspended droplets of water and ice, its solid state. When finely divided, crystalline ice may precipitate in the form of snow. The gaseous state of water is steam or water vapor. Water moves continually through the water cycle of evaporation, transpiration (evapotranspiration), condensation, precipitation, and runoff, usually reaching the sea.

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Organizations relating to Water

International Association of Refrigerated Warehouses / Alexandria VA, USA / Est. 1891
European Association for the Streamlining of Energy Exchange-gas / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2002
The Reality Of Aid / Quezon City, Philippines
Caribbean Electric Utility Services Corporation / Castries, St Lucia / Est. 1988
Water, Engineering and Development Centre / Loughborough, UK / Est. 1972
International Hologram Manufacturers Association / Sunbury-on-Thames, UK / Est. 1993
Action for Post-Soviet Jewry / Waltham MA, USA / Est. 1975
Convention Concerning the Social Repercussions of New Methods of Cargo Handling in Docks / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1973
International Laser II Class Association / Cork, Ireland
UNANIMA International / New York NY, USA / Est. 2002
European Water Resources Association / Athens, Greece
World Sailing / London, UK / Est. 1907
Agreement of Madrid for the International Registration of Trademarks / Est. 1957
African Centre for Aquatic Research and Education
Global Information Infrastructure Commission / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1995
Agreement Concerning Uniform Rules for the Marking of Navigable Waters / Est. 1962
Medico International - Aid in Developing Countries / Est. 1968
Caribbean Water and Wastewater Association / St Joseph, Trinidad-Tobago / Est. 1988
Agricultural and Land and Water Use Commission for the Near East / Cairo, Egypt
Pastors for Peace / New York NY, USA / Est. 1988
Humanitarian Aid Network for Distribution / Tuen Mun, Hong Kong
Latin American Water Education and Training Network / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 2002
Protocol to the Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Passengers and Luggage by Inland Waterways / Est. 1978
Polish Humanitarian Action / Warsaw, Poland / Est. 1992
Africa Infrastructure Foundation / Lagos, Nigeria / Est. 1995

View all profiles (339 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Water

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Overexploitation of underground water resources
Inadequate integrated freshwater management
Uncoordinated international river basin development
Conflicting claims to shared inland water resources
Water-borne diseases
Long-term shortage of water
Shortage of fresh-water
Water pollution
Instability of freshwater supply
Inadequate watershed management
Shortage of industrial water
Threatened coastal aquatic habitats with algal beds
Threatened littoral habitats of freshwater lakes
Threatened limentic habitats of lakes and reservoirs
Loss of water to industrial uses
Water salinization
Water surface pollution
Industrial waste water pollutants
Pollution of inland waters
Threatened palustrine wetland habitats
Biological pollutants
Water insecurity
Silting of water systems
Domestic waste water pollutants

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