Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy

Affordable & Clean Energy

Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. Working towards this goal is especially important as it interlinks with other Sustainable Development Goals. Focusing on universal access to energy, increased energy efficiency and the increased use of renewable energy through new economic and job opportunities is crucial to creating more sustainable and inclusive communities and resilience to environmental issues like climate change.

At the current time, there are approximately 3 billion people who lack access to clean-cooking solutions and are exposed to dangerous levels of air pollution. Additionally, slightly less than 1 billion people are functioning without electricity and 50% of them are found in Sub-Saharan Africa alone. Fortunately, progress has been made in the past decade regarding the use of renewable electricity from water, solar and wind power and the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP is also declining.

However, the challenge is far from being solved and there needs to be more access to clean fuel and technology and more progress needs to be made regarding integrating renewable energy into end-use applications in buildings, transport and industry. Public and private investments in energy also need to be increased and there needs to be more focus on regulatory frameworks and innovative business models to transform the world’s energy systems.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

1977 T g

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

Gdansk convention 1973 T g

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

1958 T g

Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution

1979 Geneva Switzerland F g

Convention on the Ban of the Import of Hazardous Wastes into Africa and on the Control of Their Transboundary Movements within Africa

Bamako Convention 1991 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South-East Atlantic Ocean

2001 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean

2009 T g

Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

CCAMLR 1980 Hobart TAS Australia T g

Convention on the Conservation of the Living Resources of the Southeast Atlantic

1969 Rome Italy T g

Convention on the Establishment of a Security Control in the Field of Nuclear Energy

1957 T g

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter

LDC 1972 London UK T g

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources

Paris Convention 1974 T g

Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution

Bucharest convention 1992 Istanbul Turkey T g

Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities

CRAMRA 1988 T g

Convention Relating to the Development of Hydraulic Power Affecting More Than One State

1923 T g

Convention Relating to the Salvage of Torpedoes

1934 T g

Convention Relating to the Transmission in Transit of Electric Power

1923 T g

Convention Relative à la Collecte, au Dépôt et à la Réception des Déchets Survenant en Navigation Rhenane et Intérieure

1996 T g

Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy

Brussels supplementary convention 1963 T g

Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous Wastes and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific

Waigani convention 1995 T g

Cooperation Agreement for the Protection of North-East Atlantic Coasts and Waters Against Pollution

Lisbon Agreement 1990 T g

Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

EMEP 1979 Geneva Switzerland F g

CORE Group

1997 Washington DC USA G y


1996 Berkeley CA USA G

CoST - the Infrastructure Transparency Initiative

CoST London UK E g

Council of European Energy Regulators

CEER 2000 Brussels Belgium E

Council of Regional Organisations of the Pacific

CROP 1988 Suva Fiji E gy


2002 Winchester F

Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy

2008 Brussels Belgium E

Culture Resource

2003 Brussels Belgium F

Deep Ocean Water Applications Society

DOWAS 1997 Saga Japan J

Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities

DARIAH-EU 2014 Berlin Germany F


1999 Brussels D

Disaster Resource Partnership


Diverse Network

S c

Drawdown Europe Research Association

DERA Amsterdam D

E3G - Third Generation Environmentalism

2004 London UK G

Earth Commission

2019 Stockholm E

Earth Rights Institute

ERI 2001 Santa Monica CA USA G j


2014 Mumbai India F


EA 1992 Amherst MA USA F y


1971 San Francisco CA USA G f

Earthlife Africa

ELA 1988 Dalbridge South Africa G v

EarthSpark International

Washington DC USA G


2005 Washington DC USA G

East African Centre of Excellence for Renewable Energy and Efficiency

EACREEE 2016 Kampala Uganda D g

East Asia and Pacific Infrastructure Regulatory Forum

EAPIRF 2003 Delhi India F

Eastern Africa Power Pool

EAPP Addis Ababa E g

Eastern African Power Industry Convention


Eastern African Power, Mining and Telecoms Industry Convention