Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy

Affordable & Clean Energy

Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. Working towards this goal is especially important as it interlinks with other Sustainable Development Goals. Focusing on universal access to energy, increased energy efficiency and the increased use of renewable energy through new economic and job opportunities is crucial to creating more sustainable and inclusive communities and resilience to environmental issues like climate change.

At the current time, there are approximately 3 billion people who lack access to clean-cooking solutions and are exposed to dangerous levels of air pollution. Additionally, slightly less than 1 billion people are functioning without electricity and 50% of them are found in Sub-Saharan Africa alone. Fortunately, progress has been made in the past decade regarding the use of renewable electricity from water, solar and wind power and the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP is also declining.

However, the challenge is far from being solved and there needs to be more access to clean fuel and technology and more progress needs to be made regarding integrating renewable energy into end-use applications in buildings, transport and industry. Public and private investments in energy also need to be increased and there needs to be more focus on regulatory frameworks and innovative business models to transform the world’s energy systems.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

UNCRTD 1989 Geneva Switzerland T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention on the Establishment of a Security Control in the Field of Nuclear Energy

1957 T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter

LDC 1972 London UK T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources

Paris Convention 1974 T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution

Bucharest convention 1992 Istanbul Turkey T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention on the Regulation of Antarctic Mineral Resource Activities

CRAMRA 1988 T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention Relating to the Development of Hydraulic Power Affecting More Than One State

1923 T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention Relating to the Salvage of Torpedoes

1934 T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention Relating to the Transmission in Transit of Electric Power

1923 T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention Relative à la Collecte, au Dépôt et à la Réception des Déchets Survenant en Navigation Rhenane et Intérieure

1996 T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention Supplementary to the Paris Convention on Third Party Liability in the Field of Nuclear Energy

Brussels supplementary convention 1963 T g IGOs, Treaties

Convention to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous Wastes and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South Pacific

Waigani convention 1995 T g IGOs, Treaties

Cooperation Agreement for the Protection of North-East Atlantic Coasts and Waters Against Pollution

Lisbon Agreement 1990 T g IGOs, Treaties

Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

EMEP 1979 Geneva Switzerland F g IGOs

Coordinating European Council for the Development of Performance Tests for Transportation Fuels, Lubricants and Other Fluids

CEC 1963 Brussels Belgium D y International Federations

CORE Group

1997 Washington DC USA G y International Federations


1996 Oakland CA USA G

CoST - the Infrastructure Transparency Initiative

CoST London UK E g IGOs

Council of European Energy Regulators

CEER 2000 Brussels Belgium E

Council of Regional Organisations of the Pacific

CROP 1988 Suva Fiji E gy IGOs, International Federations


2002 Winchester UK F

Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy

2008 Brussels Belgium E

Culture Resource

2003 Brussels Belgium F

Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities

DARIAH-EU 2014 Berlin Germany F

Disaster Resource Partnership


Diverse Network

S c Conference Series

E3G - Third Generation Environmentalism

2004 London UK G



EarthAction Network

1992 Amherst MA USA F y Human Rights Organizations, International Federations


1971 San Francisco CA USA G f Funds, Human Rights Organizations

Earthlife Africa

ELA 1988 Dalbridge South Africa G v

EarthSpark International

Washington DC USA G


2005 Washington DC USA G

East African Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

EACREEE Kampala Uganda D g IGOs

East Asia and Pacific Infrastructure Regulatory Forum

EAPIRF 2003 Delhi India F

East Asian Association of Environmental and Resource Economics

EAAERE 2010 Kyoto Japan D

Eastern Africa Power Pool

EAPP 2005 Addis Ababa Ethiopia E g IGOs

Eastern African Power Industry Convention

EAPIC S c Conference Series

Eastern African Power, Mining and Telecoms Industry Convention

EATIC S c Conference Series

Eastern and Central Africa Maize and Wheat Network

ECAMAW Addis Ababa Ethiopia K

Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum


Eau Sans Frontières Internationale

1978 Paris France G

ECA Subregional Office for Southern Africa

SRO-SA Lusaka 1997 Lusaka Zambia E g IGOs

EcoLogic Development Fund

1993 Cambridge MA USA G f Funds


2012 Doha Qatar F

ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency

ECREEE 2007 Praia Cape Verde E g IGOs

ECOWAS Regional Electricity Regulatory Authority

ERERA 2008 Accra Ghana E g IGOs

EKOenergy Network

EKOenergy 2010 Helsinki Finland F

Electric Power Council of the CIS

Moscow Russia E g IGOs

Electric Vehicle Union

EVU Brussels Belgium J