European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students (ERASMUS)
Programme d'action communautaire en matière de mobilité des étudiants de l'enseignement supérieur
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15 Jun 1987, Luxembourg, as a programme adopted by E-XE3068 - Council of the European Union, and administered by E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC), following approval by EC ministers of education, 14 May 1987. U-XE0472 - ERASMUS Bureau provided the Community with continuous ongoing assistance in the implementation of ERASMUS Programme. Open to nationals of all countries comprising F-XF0847 - European Economic Area (EEA). Programme expired 1994, when combined with U-XF0997 - LINGUA and U-XF0534 - Community Programme in Education and Training for Technology (COMETT) in one large Community education and higher education programme, U-XF3116 - SOCRATES Programme, and the Scheme terminated in May 1995. However, Action 2 of the SOCRATES programme still promotes cooperation among higher education institutions under the title 'ERASMUS'.
Promote student and teaching staff mobility and cooperation in higher education. By means of a system of financial support and grants, enable at least 10 percent of EC students to spend a substantial period of study fully recognized by their home university, at a university or other higher education institution, in another EC Member State or EFTA country; enable teachers to teach for at least a month at a higher education establishment or develop joint teaching programme in conjunction with colleagues from another Member State. In addition (from 1994): encourage creation of university networks; promote inter-university cooperation programmes; support setting up of university centres to enable several universities to pool resources to respond to specific education or student needs.
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