European Community Action Scheme for the Mobility of University Students (ERASMUS)

Programme d'action communautaire en matière de mobilité des étudiants de l'enseignement supérieur

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15 June 1987, Luxembourg, as a programme adopted by Council of the European Union, and administered by European Commission (EC), following approval by EC ministers of education, 14 May 1987. ERASMUS Bureau provided the Community with continuous ongoing assistance in the implementation of ERASMUS Programme. Open to nationals of all countries comprising European Economic Area (EEA). Programme expired 1994, when combined with LINGUA and Community Programme in Education and Training for Technology (COMETT) in one large Community education and higher education programme, SOCRATES Programme, and the Scheme terminated in May 1995. However, Action 2 of the SOCRATES programme still promotes cooperation among higher education institutions under the title 'ERASMUS'.


Promote student and teaching staff mobility and cooperation in higher education. By means of a system of financial support and grants, enable at least 10 percent of EC students to spend a substantial period of study fully recognized by their home university, at a university or other higher education institution, in another EC Member State or EFTA country; enable teachers to teach for at least a month at a higher education establishment or develop joint teaching programme in conjunction with colleagues from another Member State. In addition (from 1994): encourage creation of university networks; promote inter-university cooperation programmes; support setting up of university centres to enable several universities to pool resources to respond to specific education or student needs.

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The Programme comprises 4 parts: setting up a network of cooperation among European universities; financial support for students studying for a period in a university in another member state - grants are available for study of at least one term in another member state and grants already awarded in the student's own country continue during study elsewhere; measures to promote academic recognition of periods of study and diplomas from abroad, including development of European Course Credit Transfer System (ECTS) and National Academic Recognition Information Centres (NARIC); complementary provisions such as support to publications, associations and consortium in higher education, information 'dissemination' measures, prizes. Priority is given to student mobility organized through European University Network comprised of Inter-university Cooperation Programmes (ICPs) approved in the current year and institutions participating in the inner circle of ECTS. Grants are also given to individual members of university staff to help cover travel and subsistence costs abroad during preparatory, study or teaching visits. In 1993, over 70,000 students were enabled to spend part of their courses in another European Community country. Instrumental in setting up: European Association of Students of Classical Philology (SEC); European Credit Transfer System (ECTS); European Network of Learning and Teaching in Agriculture and Rural Development; Network of European Centres in Science and Technology Studies (NECSTS).


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 2 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 14 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 0 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Society
    • Mobility
  • Commerce
    • Finance
  • Education
    • Secondary and Higher Education
    • Universities
    • Students
  • Solidarity
    • Solidarity

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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