Black Sea Action Plan (BSAP)
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following proposal, 1987, by E-XE4161 - UN Environment, through direct approach to relevant states. T-XT9290 - Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (Bucharest convention), signed at Diplomatic Conference, Apr 1992, Bucharest (Romania), confirmed UNEP's invitation for U-XE6102 - UNEP Water Branch to cooperate in elaborating the Plan within F-XF4234 - Regional Seas Programme. First Meeting of Experts on the Environmental Quality Declaration for the Black Sea held 19-21 Oct 1992, Geneva (Switzerland); Odessa Declaration signed 5 Apr 1993. Preparation of the long-term Plan is the second step of H-XF4911 - Black Sea Environmental Programme (BSEP) - full title 'Environmental Management and Protection of the Black Sea' - developed jointly by E-XE3382 - UNDP, UNEP and F-XF1393 - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) (World Bank) through F-XF2335 - Global Environment Facility (GEF).
Assist governments to arrest and eventually reverse the present environmental degradation of the Black Sea in order to keep it as a functional part of the regional life support system and an asset for multiple sustainable development of riparian countries; enable the population to enjoy a healthy urban and rural living environment; attain a biologically diverse ecosystem with viable population of marine mammals, sturgeon and other higher organisms which will support livelihoods based on such sustainable activities as fishing, aquaculture and tourism.
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
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