← Agriculture, Fisheries

Agriculture, Fisheries → Agriculture

UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 2: Zero Hunger


Agriculture is the science and art of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that enabled people to live in cities. The history of agriculture began thousands of years ago. After gathering wild grains beginning at least 105,000 years ago, nascent farmers began to plant them around 11,500 years ago. Pigs, sheep and cattle were domesticated over 10,000 years ago. Plants were independently cultivated in at least 11 regions of the world. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture in the twentieth century came to dominate agricultural output, though about 2 billion people still depended on subsistence agriculture into the twenty-first.

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Organizations relating to Agriculture

European Cetacean Bycatch Campaign
Agricultural Libraries Network / Rome, Italy / Est. 1971
International Amalgamation of Unions of Automobile and Farm Machinery Workers / Moscow, Russia
Asian Association for Agricultural Engineering / Beijing, China / Est. 1990
International Society for Oil Palm Breeders / Kajang, Malaysia / Est. 1983
Institute for the Development of Agricultural Cooperation in Asia / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 1963
Fondation TerrEspoir / Bussigny, Switzerland / Est. 1996
New Forests Project / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1982
International Model Forest Network / Ottawa ON, Canada / Est. 1994
Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific / Bangkok, Thailand / Est. 1975
European Network of Engineering for Agriculture and Environment / Bedford, UK / Est. 1988
Islamic Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Agriculture / Karachi, Pakistan / Est. 1977
FERN / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1995
Agricultural and Land and Water Use Commission for the Near East / Cairo, Egypt
Aquacultural Engineering Society / Copper Hill VA, USA / Est. 1993
Agreement Concluded between the Governments of El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture and the OAS General Secretariat Relative to an Extension for the Technical Cooperation for Execution of the Integral Development Plan for the Border Region Shared by the Three Countries / Est. 1994
Peace Farm / Panhandle TX, USA / Est. 1986
European Society for Agronomy / Est. 1990
Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry for International Environmental Rehabilitation / Maasmechelen, Belgium
International Alliance of the Indigenous Tribal Peoples of the Tropical Forests / Chiang Mai, Thailand / Est. 1992
World Council of Fisheries Societies / Bethesda MD, USA / Est. 2000
Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy / Minneapolis MN, USA / Est. 1986
Coalition for Fair Fisheries Agreements / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1992
South Pacific Fisheries Treaty / Est. 1987
AGRECOL Afrique: Networking and Information Centre for Sustainable Agriculture in Africa / Thiès, Senegal / Est. 2001

View all profiles (1112 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Agriculture

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Intensive farming
Health hazards of air pollution for plants
Harmful carbon dioxide impact on agriculture
Unsustainable short-term improvements in agricultural productivity
Underutilized agricultural wastes
Stagnated development of agricultural production
Declining breeds of cultivated plants
Lack of skilled manpower in rural areas
Protectionism in agriculture and the food production industries
Agricultural overproduction
Monopolization of agricultural genetic resources
Unsustainable agricultural development
Loss of agricultural biodiversity
Unavailability of replacement parts for agricultural machinery
Declining agricultural land
Low productivity of agricultural workers
Misuse of agricultural land for fuel production
Misuse of tropical rain forests for agricultural development
Destruction of surplus agricultural produce
Domination of agricultural equipment industry by transnational corporations
Distortion of international trade by discriminatory formulation of health and sanitary regulations for agricultural and pharmaceutical products
Limited agricultural advice
Declining agricultural work
Inappropriate government intervention in agriculture

Action Strategies relating to Agriculture

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Developing agricultural biotechnology
Using agroecology
Ensuring sustainable agricultural development
Using silvopasture agriculture
Improving agricultural productivity
Promoting regional agricultural systems
Increasing crop diversity
Researching sustainable agriculture
Promoting organic farming
Promoting low input farming

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