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Description

Customs is an authority or agency in a country responsible for collecting tariffs and for controlling the flow of goods, including animals, transports, personal, and hazardous items, into and out of a country. The movement of people into and out of a country is normally monitored by migration authorities, under a variety of names and arrangements. Immigration authorities normally check for appropriate documentation, verify that a person is entitled to enter the country, apprehend people wanted by domestic or international arrest warrants, and impede the entry of people deemed dangerous to the country. Compare illegal emigration.

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Organizations relating to Customs

Agreement on the Temporary Importation, Free of Duty, of Medical, Surgical and Laboratory Equipment for Use on Free Loan in Hospitals and other Medical Institutions for Purposes of Diagnosis or Treatment / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1960
Melanesian Spearhead Group / Port Vila, Vanuatu / Est. 1994
Agreement Regarding Cooperation and Mutual Assistance among National Customs Directorates / Est. 1981
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Professional Equipment / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1961
European Economic and Customs Union / Est. 1927
Asia Pacific Travel Retail Association / Singapore, Singapore / Est. 2005
Nordic Customs Cooperation Council / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1960
Customs Convention Concerning Facilities for the Importation of Goods for Display or Use at Exhibitions, Fairs, Meetings or Similar Events / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1961
Convention on the Valuation of Goods for Customs Purposes / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1950
Convention on the Nomenclature for the Classification of Goods in Customs Tariffs / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1950
Agreement for an Embargo on Arms for China / Est. 1919
Permanent Secretariat for the Multilateral Convention on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance among National Directions of Customs of Latin America, Spain and Portugal / Mexico City, Mexico / Est. 1981
Additional Protocol to the Convention Concerning Customs Facilities for Touring, Relating to the Importation of Tourist Publicity Documents and Material / Est. 1954
Convention on Publicity of Customs Documents / Est. 1923
World Customs Organization / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1950
Nordic Organization of Customs Officials / Oslo, Norway
Additional Protocol to the Agreement on the Temporary Importation, Free of Duty, of Medical, Surgical and Laboratory Equipment for Use on Free Loan in Hospitals and other Medical Institutions for Purposes of Diagnosis or Treatment / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1983
Customs Convention Concerning Spare Parts Used for Repairing EUROP Wagons / Est. 1958
Convention Relative to the Monetary System, Customs, Weights and Measures, Fiscal Laws, International Trade and the Consular Service / Est. 1909
Central American Telecommunications Commission / Tegucigalpa, Honduras / Est. 1966
Comity of Nations
Customs Convention on the Temporary Importation of Private Road Vehicles / Est. 1954
ASEAN Agreement on Customs / Est. 1997
Group of Four / Est. 1992
International Customs Tariffs Bureau / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1890

View all profiles (93 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Customs

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Distortion of international trade by discriminatory customs and administrative entry procedures
Excessive protection of industries by customs duties
Evasion of customs and excise duties
Discriminatory targeting of travellers by border control officials
Distortion of international trade by embargoes
Tariff barriers to international trade
Non-tariff barriers to international trade
Undermining of trade preferences by non-tariff measures
Distortion of international trade by restrictive customs valuation practices
Economic sanctions against governments
Smuggling cigarettes
Embargo on medicines
Disruptive jury duty
Preferential tariffs
Calculated delay in publication of documents

Action Strategies relating to Customs

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Removing non-tariff barriers to international trade
Creating customs
Imposing embargoes
Evaluating effects of world trade agreements on tariffs affecting manufactured goods
Removing tariff barriers to international trade
Disseminating environmental knowledge using local customs
Facilitating international transit of goods
Simplifying customs clearance procedures
Fixing common customs and tariffs
Acknowledging common mores
Enabling zero-duty imports from developing countries
Reducing tariffs
Introducing common economic customs
Granting preferential tariff
Designing economic customs
Reforming trade tariffs
Respecting customs
Harmonizing customs procedures
Lowering tariffs
Reducing customs tariffs
Harmonizing customs
Stabilizing tariffs
Creating non-tariff measures
Preventing unlawful trafficking in taxable objects
Structuring courting customs

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