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Biosciences → Biology


Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution. Despite the complexity of the science, there are certain unifying concepts that consolidate it into a single, coherent field. Biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the creation and extinction of species. Living organisms are open systems that survive by transforming energy and decreasing their local entropy to maintain a stable and vital condition defined as homeostasis.

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Organizations relating to Biology

European Life Sciences Forum / Heidelberg, Germany / Est. 1999
European Molecular Biology Laboratory Staff Association / Heidelberg, Germany
Society for Light Treatment and Biological Rhythms / Zug, Switzerland / Est. 1988
International Commission on Biological Effects of Noise / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1968
Genetic Resources Center / Est. 1989
Latin American Federation of Societies of Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology / Est. 1983
Centre for the Application of Molecular Biology to International Agriculture / Canberra, Australia
Asia-Pacific International Molecular Biology Network / Seoul, Korea Rep / Est. 1997
International Society for Chronobiology / Vigo, Spain / Est. 1937
Mediterranean Society for Chronobiology / Ankara, Turkey
International Society of Biometeorology / Milwaukee WI, USA / Est. 1956
Asian Association for Biology Education / Manila, Philippines / Est. 1966
UNESCO-Hebrew University of Jerusalem International School for Molecular Biology and Microbiology and Science for Peace / Jerusalem, Israel / Est. 1995
Latin American Association of Biological Anthropology / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1989
European Foundation for Alcohol Research / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2003
Ibero-American Society for Cell Biology / Est. 1976
Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation / Sao Paulo, Brazil / Est. 1963
European Society for Evolutionary Biology / Ede, Netherlands / Est. 1987
European Society for Evolutionary Developmental Biology / Dublin, Ireland / Est. 2006
International Society of Differentiation / St Paul MN, USA / Est. 1974
World Academy of Biomedical Technologies / Paris, France / Est. 1997
Nordic Meeting on Medical and Biological Engineering / Linköping, Sweden
European Matrix Biology / Groningen, Netherlands / Est. 1968
Cephalopod International Advisory Council / St Petersburg FL, USA / Est. 1983
Asia-Pacific Association of Chemical Ecologists / Otsu, Japan / Est. 1997

View all profiles (236 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Biology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Corporate control of genetic material
Undervaluation of systematic biology
Decreasing diversity of biological species
Biological warfare
Environmental hazards of pesticides
Hormone pollution
Soil degradation
Erosion of biological diversity
Long-term impacts of chemical and biological warfare
Bioaccumulation of toxic substances
Coercive population control
Biological pollutants
Biological air pollutants
International trade in biological weapons
Microbial contamination of food
Harmful biological effects of ionizing radiation
Threatened biodiversity hotspots
Toxic blue-green algae in drinking water
Unsustainable harvesting rates
Pathogenic organisms
Bacterial plant diseases
Biological agents as occupational hazards
Erosion of marine biological diversity
Desynchronization of bodily rhythm by international travel
Lack of integrated management of biodiversity

Action Strategies relating to Biology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Establishing common ownership over biological resources
Managing data base on biodiversity
Using biological pest control
Requiring safety of genetically modified food
Protecting plants and animals
Supporting biosystematic capability
Identifying benefits of biodiversity conservation
Conserving global biodiversity
Preserving traditional rights to natural resources
Labelling genetically modified organisms
Generating biogas for fuel
Conserving endangered species of plants and animals
Restoring biodiversity in agriculture
Developing eco-tourism business strategies for biodiversity conservation
Farming organically
Creating genetically modified organisms
Providing sufficient bio-regionalist perspective
Sharing the benefits in biodiversity conservation
Connecting people to natural rhythms
Reducing discharge of toxic, persistent or bio-accumulating substances
Protecting against vulnerability of organisms
Providing incentives to farmers for biodiversity conservation
Biodiversity prospecting
Studying biodiversity
Developing conservation biology

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