Second Level Subjects
Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting. The study of meteorology dates back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not occur until the 18th century. The 19th century saw modest progress in the field after weather observation networks were formed across broad regions. Prior attempts at prediction of weather depended on historical data. It was not until after the elucidation of the laws of physics and more particularly, the development of the computer, allowing for the automated solution of a great many equations that model the weather, in the latter half of the 20th century that significant breakthroughs in weather forecasting were achieved. An important domain of weather forecasting is marine weather forecasting as it relates to maritime and coastal safety, in which weather effects also include atmospheric interactions with large bodies of water.
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Organizations relating to Meteorology
Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation / Vienna, Austria / Est. 1961
Solar Influences Data Analysis Centre / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1981
African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education - English / Ile Ife, Nigeria / Est. 1998
Agreement Regarding Monitoring of the Stratosphere / Est. 1976
ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution / Est. 2002
African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development / Niamey, Niger / Est. 1987
International Commission on Middle Atmosphere Science / Kyoto, Japan
Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer / Nairobi, Kenya / Est. 1985
Nordic Meteorological Meeting
AGRHYMET Regional Centre / Niamey, Niger / Est. 1974
International Commission on Dynamical Meteorology / Parkville, Australia / Est. 1967
International Commission on Polar Meteorology / Cambridge, UK
WMO Staff Association / Geneva, Switzerland
ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee / Macau, Macau / Est. 1968
World Weather Watch / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1968
European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association / Kiruna, Sweden / Est. 1975
African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analyses / Paris, France / Est. 2002
International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems / Helsinki, Finland
International Conference on Lightning Protection / Rome, Italy
European Research Community on Flow, Turbulence and Combustion / London, UK / Est. 1988
Centre international de recherche-développement sur l'élevage en zone subhumide / Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso / Est. 1972
WMO Atmospheric Research and Environment Programme / Geneva, Switzerland
European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites / Darmstadt, Germany / Est. 1986
African School of Meteorology and Civil Aviation / Niamey, Niger / Est. 1963
International Commission on Planetary Atmospheres and their Evolution / Madison WI, USA
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