Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land


Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

World Association of Soil and Water Conservation

WASWAC 1983 Beijing China B

World Association of Zoos and Aquariums

WAZA 1946 Barcelona Spain C y

World Bank - WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use

WB - WWF Forest Alliance 1998 Washington DC USA E

World Benchmarking Alliance

WBA Amsterdam Netherlands C y

World Bioenergy Association

WBA 2008 Stockholm Sweden C

World Blue Chain: for the Protection of Animals and Nature

1962 Brussels Belgium F

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

WBCSD 1995 Geneva Switzerland C

World Carfree Network

1997 F

World Cetacean Alliance

WCA Brighton UK C y

World Conference on Marine Biodiversity

WCMB S c

World Congress Alternatives and Environment

1979 Vienna Austria S cv

World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production

WCGALP 1974 S c

World Conservation Trust

IWMC 1994 Lausanne Switzerland E

World Council for Automobile Mobility and Tourism

Paris France K

World Council on City Data

WCCD Toronto ON Canada J

World Economy, Ecology and Development

WEED 1990 Berlin Germany G

World Environment Center

WEC 1974 Washington DC USA E

World Environmental Education Congress Network

2003 Turin Italy F

World Evangelical Alliance Sustainability Center

WEA Sustainability Center 2018 Bonn Germany G

World Farmers' Organisation

WFO 2011 Rome Italy C

World Federation of Doctors who Respect Human Life

WFDWRHL 1974 Ostend Belgium C

World Federation of Jewish Child Survivors of the Holocaust and Descendants

WFJCSHD 1987 Burlington MA USA E

World Federation of the Bergen Belsen Associations

1945 New York NY USA E

World Federation of Tourist Guide Associations

WFTGA 1985 C

World Federation of United Nations Associations

WFUNA 1946 New York NY USA E

World Fish Migration Foundation

Groningen Netherlands G f

World Forest Institute

WFI 1989 Portland OR USA G j

World Forestry Center, Portland

WFC 1989 Portland OR USA G

World Forestry Congress

1926 Rome Italy S c

World Forum for Acoustic Ecology

WFAE 1993 Fairfield VIC Australia F

World Future Council Foundation

WFC 2007 Hamburg Germany F f

World Geospatial Industry Council

GWIC 2018 Amersfoort Netherlands C

World Green Building Council

WorldGBC 1999 Toronto ON Canada E

World Green Design Organization

WGDO 2012 Beijing China J

World Green Economy Organization

WGEO Dubai United Arab Emirates J g

World Green Infrastructure Network

WGIN 2008 Toronto ON Canada F

World Green Tea Association

Shizuoka Japan N

World Health Organization

WHO 1946 Geneva Switzerland B g

World Hereford Council

WHC 1951 Montevideo Uruguay E

World Heritage Centre

WHC 1972 Paris France E g

World Heritage Committee

1976 Paris France E g

World Horse Welfare

1927 Snetterton UK G

World Information Transfer

WIT 1986 New York NY USA F

World Institute for a Sustainable Humanity

A WISH 1995 Bellingham WA USA G j

World Jewish Restitution Organization

WJRO 1992 Jerusalem Israel D y

World Land Trust

WLT 1989 Halesworth UK G

World Meteorological Organization

WMO 1947 Geneva Switzerland B g

World Network for Linguistic Diversity

Maaya Geneva Switzerland E y

World Network of Biosphere Reserves

WNBR 1971 Paris France F

World Network of Indigenous Peoples and Local Community Land and Sea Managers

WIN 2012 New York NY USA E

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