Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production


Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Convention for the Conservation of the Biodiversity and the Protection of Wilderness Areas in Central America

1992 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment

Jeddah convention 1982 Jeddah Saudi Arabia T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Establishment of Stations for Agricultural Experiments and Animal Industries

1923 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Maintenance, Preservation and Reestablishment of Peace

1936 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Mutual Recognition of Inspections in Respect of the Manufacture of Pharmaceutical Products

PIC 1970 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa

1900 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of Commercial, Industrial, and Agricultural Trade Marks and Commercial Names

1923 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of Patents of Invention, Designs and Industrial Models

1910 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms

Geneva Convention 1971 Paris France T g Treaties, UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

Convention for the Regulation of Transit and Communications on the System of the Danube-Save-Adriatic Railway Company

1923 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes

1930 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Unification for the Law of Bills of Exchange and Cheques

1912 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Limiting the Hours of Work in Industrial Undertakings to Eight in the Day and Forty-eight in the Week

1919 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention of Mutual Assistance in Respect of the Collection of the Turnover Tax, the Purchase Tax and other Similar Taxes

1964 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods

1983 Rome Italy T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused During Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail and Inland Navigation Vessels

CRTD 1989 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment

1993 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

1977 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific

1976 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Duties and Rights of States in the Event of Civil Strife

1928 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on Export of Guano, 1857

1857 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on fisheries and the conservation of living marine resources in the Black Sea

1993 J gp Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

Gdansk convention 1973 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

1958 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on International Financial Leasing

1988 Rome Italy T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Inventions, Patents, Designs and Industrial Models

1910 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Cooperation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children

1996 The Hague Netherlands T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims

LLMC 1976 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Nature Protection and Wild Life Preservation in the Western Hemisphere

1940 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Patents of Invention, Drawings and Industrial Models, Trademarks, and Literary and Artistic Property

1906 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Reduction of Cases of Multiple Nationality and Military Obligations in Cases of Multiple Nationality

1963 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Rights and Duties of States

1933 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects

1995 Rome Italy T g Treaties, UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

Convention on the Avoidance of Double Taxation on Personal Income and Property

1977 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Avoidance of Double Taxation on the Income and Property of Corporate Bodies

1978 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Ban of the Import of Hazardous Wastes into Africa and on the Control of Their Transboundary Movements within Africa

Bamako Convention 1991 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South-East Atlantic Ocean

2001 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean

2009 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean

Pacific tuna convention 2000 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock in the Central Bering Sea

1994 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

CCAMLR 1980 Hobart Australia T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats

Bern convention 1979 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

Bonn Convention 1979 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation of the Living Resources of the Southeast Atlantic

1969 Rome Italy T g FAO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects

1972 T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Jurisdiction of the Selected Forum in the Case of International Sales of Corporeal Movable Property

1958 The Hague Netherlands T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

1986 The Hague Netherlands T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations

1980 T g Treaties, European Union Bodies, IGOs

Convention on the Law Applicable to International Sales of Goods

1955 The Hague Netherlands T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations

1973 The Hague Netherlands T g Treaties, IGOs

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