Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production

Goal 12 is about ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns, which is key to sustain the livelihoods of current and future generations.

Our planet is running out of resources, but populations are continuing to grow. If the global population reaches 9.8 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets will be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles.

We need to change our consumption habits, and shifting our energy supplies to more sustainable ones are one of the main changes we must make if we are going to reduce our consumption levels. However, global crises triggered a resurgence in fossil fuel subsidies, nearly doubling from 2020 to 2021.

We are seeing promising changes in industries, including the trend towards sustainability reporting being on the rise, almost tripling the amount of published sustainability over just a few years, showing increased levels of commitment and awareness that sustainability should be at the core of business practices.

Food waste is another sign of over consumption, and tackling food loss is urgent and requires dedicated policies, informed by data, as well as investments in technologies, infrastructure, education and monitoring. A staggering 931 million tons of food is wasted a year, despite a huge number of the global population going hungry.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Biosphere Expeditions

1999 Blackrock Ireland F


1988 D

BKR International

1972 New York NY USA G

Black Sea Region Association of Shipbuilders and Ship Repairers

BRASS 1993 D

Blue Fish Europe

Lorient France D

Blue Marine Foundation

BLUE 2010 London UK G f

Blue Ventures

Bristol UK G

Blue World Institute of Marine Research and Conservation

Institut Plavi Svijet 1999 Veli Losinj Croatia G j


2008 London UK C

Born Free Foundation

1984 Horsham UK G f

Botanic Gardens Conservation International

BGCI 1987 Richmond UK F

Bourse européenne des collectionneurs

BEC 1964 Zwalm Belgium N v

BP Translation Conference

BP 2014 S c

BPW Europe - European Region of BPW International

1985 Brussels Belgium D

British Association for Cemeteries in South Asia

BACSA 1976 London UK N

Bromine Science and Environmental Forum

BSEF 1997 Brussels Belgium F

Building Advisory Service and Information Network

BASIN 1988 Villefontaine France F y

Building Industry Consulting Service International

BICSI 1977 Tampa FL USA D t

Building Owners and Managers Association International

BOMA 1907 Washington DC USA G

Building Service Contractors Association International

BSCAI 1965 Chicago IL USA G

Bureau Européen des Unions de Consommateurs

BEUC 1962 Brussels Belgium D

Bureau international du béton manufacturé

BIBM 1954 Brussels Belgium D t

Bureau international pour la standardisation de la rayonne et des fibres synthétiques

BISFA 1928 Brussels Belgium C t

Bureau of International Recycling

BIR 1948 Brussels Belgium C t

Busan Foundation for International Cooperation

BFIC 2005 Busan Korea Rep G

Business Action for Africa

London UK F

Business Advisory Council

BAC 1996 Stockholm Sweden E

Business Africa

BUSINESSAFRICA 1986 Nairobi Kenya D

Business Alliance for Commerce in Hemp

BACH 1989 El Cerrito CA USA N

Business Alliance for Water and Climate


Business and Economics Society International

B and ESI 1996 Worcester MA USA D

Business and Human Rights Resource Centre

London UK G

Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OECD

BIAC 1962 Paris France E yt

Business Angel Network Southeast Asia

BANSEA 2001 Singapore Singapore G

Business Association of Latin American Studies


Business Council for International Understanding

BCIU 1955 New York NY USA G

Business Council for the United Nations


business disability international

bdi 2015 London UK G

Business Ethics Network of Africa

BEN-Africa 1999 Stellenbosch South Africa F

Business European Capital Cities

BECC 1989 Paris France D t

Business for Peace Foundation

2007 Oslo Norway G f

Business for Social Responsibility

BSR 1992 New York NY USA G

Business Humanitarian Forum

BHF 1999 Geneva Switzerland F

Business Information Industry Association

BIIA 2005 Hong Kong Hong Kong C t

Business Network International

BNI 1985 Charlotte NC USA N

Business Software Alliance

BSA 1988 Washington DC USA G


1958 Brussels Belgium D

Butterfly Conservation Europe

BCE 2004 Wageningen Netherlands F

Buy Nothing Project

2013 F v

Cairns Group

1986 F g