International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)
Tribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda (TPIR)
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8 Nov 1994, by Resolution 955 of E-XE3376 - United Nations Security Council (UNSC). Commenced operations in 1995. Tribunal judges are elected by the General Assembly of A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN). Full title International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of Rwanda and Rwandan Citizens Responsible for such Violations Committed in the Territory of Neighbouring States. Has also been referred to as UN Genocide Tribunal for Rwanda. Requested to complete all remaining work by 31 Dec 2014, when F-XJ2514 - International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) will continue jurisdiction, rights, obligations and essential functions. Formally closed 31 Dec 2015.
Prosecute persons responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between 1 Jan - 31 Dec 1994, and including Rwandan citizens responsible for genocide and other such violations of international law committed in the territory of neighbouring States during the same period.
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Trial chambers (3), each comprising 3 judges, based at seat of the Tribunal in Arusha (Tanzania UR). Chambers, headed by President. Appeals Chamber, based in The Hague (Netherlands) and headed by President of H-XF2659 - International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Office of the Prosecution, headed by Prosecutor, appointed at rank of Under-Secretary-General, and assisted by Deputy Prosecutor. Registry, headed by Registrar, appointed at rank of Assistant-Secretary-General and representing UN Secretary General. Registrar is assisted by Deputy Registrar in charge of Judicial and Legal Services Division (JLSD) and Chief of Division of Administrative Support Services (DASS).
JLSD comprises: Witnesses and Victims Support Section (WVSS); Defence Counsel and Detention Management Section (DCDMS); UN Detention Facility (UNDF) - 89 cells within the Arusha prison complex; Court Management Section (CMS); Language Services Section (LSS); Library and legal Reference Section (LLRS); Chamber Support Section (CSS); The Hague-based ICTR Appeals Chamber Support Unit.
DASS comprises: Security and Safety Section (SSS); Human Resources and Planning Section (HRPS); Finance Section; General Services Support Section (GSSS); Information Technology Services Section (ITSS); Procurement Section; Budget Unit; ICTR Medical Centre.
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