NATO-led Stabilization Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina (SFOR)

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History

20 Dec 1996, Sarajevo (Bosnia-Herzegovina), under the command of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), following peaceful conduct of elections, Sep 1996. Set up under Resolution 1088, 12 Dec 1996, of United Nations Security Council (UNSC); and operates under Chapter VII of the UN Charter (peace enforcement). Took over activities of Multinational Military Implementation Force (IFOR), with a mandate of 18 months. Mandate now open-ended, with regular 6 month reviews by North Atlantic Council (NAC). Also referred to as S-For. Complemented by Dissuasive Forces (DFOR). Dec 2004, replaced by European Union Force in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUFOR).

Aims

Help parties in Bosnia to implement a peace accord to which they have freely agreed and to create a secure environment for civil and economic reconstruction; implement military aspects of the Peace Agreement as legal successor to IFOR; contribute to the secure environment necessary for consolidation of peace; deter or prevent a resumption of hostilities or new threats to peace; promote a climate in which the peace process can continue to move forward; provide selective support to civilian organizations within its capabilities; be ready to provide emergency support to UN forces in Eastern Slavonia.

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Activities

Supports international organizations carrying out civilian aspects of the Agreement under the coordination of the High Representative: (a) Supported OSCE in preparation and conduct of national elections, Oct 1998, and directed by the North Atlantic Council, provided a secure environment for the national elections to take place. (b) Continues to support the OSCE in assisting parties in the implementation of the Confidence- and Security-Building Agreement and the Sub-Regional Arms Control Agreement, the latter Agreement limiting the holding of heavy weapons by the parties in order to eliminate the danger of a sub-regional arms race and to bring about an overall reduction of heavy weaponry in the area. (c) Supports UNHCR in supervising the return of refugees and displaced persons, ensuring that no weapons other than those of SFOR itself are brought back into the Zone of Separation unless with specific SFOR approval. Tries to prevent conflict with regard to the return of refugees and displaced persons. (d) Supports IPTF in promoting local law and order as essential for establishing a lasting peace. (e) Supports implementation of the Brcko Arbitration Agreement, 15 Feb 1997. (f) Provides security and logistic support to ICTY investigative teams and surveillance and ground patrolling of alleged mass grave sites. (g) Is authorized to detain and transfer to the ICTY persons indicted for war crimes, providing SFOR personnel come into contact with them while carrying out their duties. (h) Includes a specialist group of personnel consisting of lawyers, educators, public transportation specialists, engineers, agricultural experts, economists, public health officials, veterinarians, communication experts and others, which forms part of the Civil-Military Cooperation (CIMIC) structure providing technical advice and assistance to various commissions and working groups, civilian organizations, nongovernmental organizations and SFOR units, many of which have their own CIMIC experts carrying out civil support work.

Structure

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 7 inter-governmental organizations.
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Members

Members in 35 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Societal Problems
    • Emergencies
  • Defence
    • NATO Bodies
    • Military Forces
  • International Relations
    • Peacekeeping
  • Peace
    • Peace
  • Harmony
    • Harmony

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

F4044

Last News Received

2004
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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