International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
Tribunal pénal international pour l'ex-Yougoslavie (TPIY)
1993 The Hague Netherlands
Established 17 Nov 1993, The Hague (Netherlands), following proposal 3 May 1993, by Dr Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary-General of A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN), and by Resolution 827 of E-XE3376 - United Nations Security Council (UNSC), 25 May 1993. Full title: International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991 – Tribunal international chargé de poursuivre les personnes présumées responsables des violations graves du droit international humanitaire commises sur le territoire de l'ex-Yougoslavie depuis 1991. Sometimes also referred to as International War Crimes Tribunal; International Tribunal for the Prosecution of War Crimes in former Yugoslavia – Tribunal international pour juger les crimes de guerre dans l'ex-Yougoslavie; United Nations International Tribunal for former Yugoslavia – Tribunal international des Nations Unies pour l'ex-Yougoslavie. Rules of Procedure and Evidence adopted 11 Feb 1994; periodically revised. 22 Dec 2010, Security Council resolution 1966 established the F-XJ2514 - International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT); will commence operations 1 Jul 2013. First 18 months will work concurrently with the Tribunal, and following closure of ICTY will be responsible for finishing the Tribunal's remaining tasks and for maintaining its legacy. Closed Dec 2017.
As articulated in the United Nations resolution: bring to justice persons allegedly responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law; bring justice to the victims; deter further international crimes; contribute to the restoration of peace by promoting reconciliation in the former Yugoslavia.
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Tribunal comprises: (a) Chambers: 3 Trial Chambers and one Appeals Chamber, comprising 16 permanent and up to 16 ad litem judges, elected by UN General Assembly; 3 judges serve each of the Trial Chambers and 7 serve in the Appeals Chamber. (b) Office of the Prosecutor (OTP). (c) Registry, servicing both the Chambers and the OTP.
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