International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY)

Tribunal pénal international pour l'ex-Yougoslavie (TPIY)

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History

Established 17 Nov 1993, The Hague (Netherlands), following proposal 3 May 1993, by Dr Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Secretary-General of United Nations (UN), and by Resolution 827 of United Nations Security Council (UNSC), 25 May 1993. Full title: International Criminal Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991 -- Tribunal international chargé de poursuivre les personnes présumées responsables des violations graves du droit international humanitaire commises sur le territoire de l'ex-Yougoslavie depuis 1991. Sometimes also referred to as International War Crimes Tribunal; International Tribunal for the Prosecution of War Crimes in former Yugoslavia -- Tribunal international pour juger les crimes de guerre dans l'ex-Yougoslavie; United Nations International Tribunal for former Yugoslavia -- Tribunal international des Nations Unies pour l'ex-Yougoslavie. Rules of Procedure and Evidence adopted 11 Feb 1994; periodically revised. 22 Dec 2010, Security Council resolution 1966 established the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT); will commence operations 1 July 2013. First 18 months will work concurrently with the Tribunal, and following closure of ICTY will be responsible for finishing the Tribunal's remaining tasks and for maintaining its legacy. Closed Dec 2017.

Aims

As articulated in the United Nations resolution: bring to justice persons allegedly responsible for serious violations of international humanitarian law; bring justice to the victims; deter further international crimes; contribute to the restoration of peace by promoting reconciliation in the former Yugoslavia.

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Activities

Jurisdiction over: violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991; individuals (but not corporate persons); grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions; violations of the laws or customs of war; genocide; crimes against humanity. The Tribunal may determine sentences up to life-imprisonment but is not empowered to impose the death penalty. Alongside its judicial activities, assists in building the capacity of domestic judicial systems in the region of former Yugoslavia to investigate, prosecute and adjudicate war crimes cases. Such knowledge transfer, in addition to advances made in the jurisprudence of international law, and the vast array of facts that have been judicially established about events in former Yugoslavia, means that the Tribunal has spearheaded the shift from impunity to accountability for humanity's worst crimes. The legacy of ICTY will therefore include a strengthening of the rule of law around the world.

Structure

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Languages

English, French.

Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 10 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 6 non-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Members

Members in 23 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Societal Problems
    • Crime
  • Law
    • Tribunals, Courts
  • International Relations
    • United Nations

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

F2659

Last News Received

2017
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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