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Innovative change → Logic


Logic is an interdisciplinary field which studies truth and reasoning. Informal logic seeks to characterize valid arguments informally, for instance by listing varieties of fallacies. Formal logic represents statements and argument patterns symbolically, using formal systems such as first order logic. Within formal logic, mathematical logic studies the mathematical characteristics of formal logical systems, while philosophical logic applies them to philosophical problems such as the nature of meaning, knowledge, and existence. Systems of formal logic are also applied in other fields including linguistics, cognitive science, and computer science.

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Organizations relating to Logic

International Federation for Computational Logic / Cambridge, UK
European Association for Computer Science Logic / Dortmund, Germany / Est. 1992
Association of Logic, Language and Information / Est. 1991
Le Cercle
Australasian Association for Logic / Parkville VIC, Australia / Est. 1964
Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science / Washington DC, USA
European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty
Ilopango Agreement Concerning Inspection Procedures with the Objective of Guaranteeing the Safety of Flight Operations in Central America, Panama and Belize / Est. 1995
International Case-Based Reasoning Society
International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning / Est. 1999
International Workshop on Qualitative Reasoning
International Workshop on Boolean Functions and their Applications / Est. 2014
International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning / Est. 2001
European Conference on Argumentation / Est. 2015
Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation / Est. 1994
International Conference on Axiomatic Design / Est. 2000
Advances in Modal Logic / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1995
International Joint Conference on Rules and Reasoning / Est. 2017

View all profiles (45 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Logic

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Experimental exposure of animals to pain
Uncertain land zoning

Action Strategies relating to Logic

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Developing media education
Requiring objectified subjectivity
Using counterfactual reasoning
Extending logic
Achieving logical cultural integration
Exemplifying rational assignment
Uncovering fallacies of logic
Criticizing sophistry
Using sophistry
Requiring rational articulation of significance
Providing sufficient objectivity
Being objective
Establishing rational meeting processes
Avoiding the irrational
Highlighting bad arguments
Using spurious arguments
Using plausible arguments
Sharing assignment rational
Reasoning with common sense
Using obfuscatory arguments
Clarifying arguments
Presenting verifying arguments

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