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Logic is the study of correct reasoning. It includes both formal and informal logic. Formal logic is the science of deductively valid inferences or of logical truths. It is a formal science investigating how conclusions follow from premises in a topic-neutral way. When used as a countable noun, the term "a logic" refers to a logical formal system that articulates a proof system. Formal logic contrasts with informal logic, which is associated with informal fallacies, critical thinking, and argumentation theory. While there is no general agreement on how formal and informal logic are to be distinguished, one prominent approach associates their difference with whether the studied arguments are expressed in formal or informal languages. Logic plays a central role in multiple fields, such as philosophy, mathematics, computer science, and linguistics.

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Organizations relating to Logic

European Association for Computer Science Logic / Dortmund, Germany / Est. 1992
Association of Logic, Language and Information / Est. 1991
Le Cercle
Australasian Association for Logic / Parkville VIC, Australia / Est. 1964
Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science / Washington DC, USA
European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty
Ilopango Agreement Concerning Inspection Procedures with the Objective of Guaranteeing the Safety of Flight Operations in Central America, Panama and Belize / Est. 1995
International Case-Based Reasoning Society
International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning / Est. 1999
International Workshop on Qualitative Reasoning
International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning / Est. 2001
European Conference on Argumentation / Est. 2015
Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation / Est. 1994
International Conference on Axiomatic Design / Est. 2000
International Joint Conference on Rules and Reasoning / Est. 2017
International Workshop on Boolean Functions and their Applications / Est. 2014
International Federation for Computational Logic / Cambridge, UK
Advances in Modal Logic / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1995

View all profiles (45 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Logic

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential


Action Strategies relating to Logic

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Requiring objectified subjectivity
Using counterfactual reasoning
Using spurious arguments
Using plausible arguments
Sharing assignment rational
Reasoning with common sense
Using obfuscatory arguments
Achieving logical cultural integration
Exemplifying rational assignment
Uncovering fallacies of logic
Criticizing sophistry
Using sophistry
Requiring rational articulation of significance
Establishing rational meeting processes
Clarifying arguments
Presenting verifying arguments
Avoiding the irrational
Highlighting bad arguments
Providing sufficient objectivity
Being objective
Abstaining from objectivity

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