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Surgery is a medical specialty that uses manual and/or instrumental techniques to physically reach into a subject's body in order to investigate or treat pathological conditions such as a disease or injury, to alter bodily functions, to improve appearance, or to remove/replace unwanted tissues or foreign bodies. The subject receiving the surgery is typically a person, but can also be a non-human animal.

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Organizations relating to Surgery

International Board of Cosmetic Surgery / Wimpole, UK / Est. 2003
Fédération Internationale Francophone de Coelio-Chirurgie / Lausanne, Switzerland / Est. 2005
KPro Study Group / Penrith NSW, Australia / Est. 1990
European Society of Surgery / Krakow, Poland / Est. 1996
International Federation of Perioperative Nurses / Harrogate, UK / Est. 1999
European Society of Aesthetic Surgery / Wimpole, UK
Latin American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery / Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
Nordic Transplant Committee / Aarhus, Denmark
International Academy of Cosmetic Surgery / Est. 1970
European Society for Vascular Surgery / Bordeaux, France / Est. 1987
International Society of Sympathetic Surgery / Haifa, Israel / Est. 2001
Federación Latinoamericana de Cirurgia / Coyoacan, Mexico / Est. 1973
European Association of Plastic Surgeons / Rome, Italy / Est. 1989
European Surgical Association / Paris, France / Est. 1993
Baltic Association of Surgeons / Tallinn, Estonia
European Society for Laser Aesthetic Surgery / Est. 1997
ASEAN Federation of Plastic Surgeons / Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia / Est. 1982
International Society for Plastination / Toledo OH, USA / Est. 1986
Asociación Iberoamericana de Cirugia Pediatrica / Est. 1966
International Federation for Artificial Organs / Lafayette IN, USA / Est. 1977
International Society for Simulation Surgery / Est. 1992
Caribbean College of Surgeons / St James, Barbados / Est. 2001
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis International Society / Northbrook IL, USA / Est. 2002
European Federation of Societies for Microsurgery / Cluj-Napoca, Romania / Est. 1990
Federación de Sociedades de Cirurgia Pediatrica del Cono sur de América / Montevideo, Uruguay / Est. 1993
Balkan Academy of Cosmetic Surgery / Sofia, Bulgaria
Federación Ibero-Latinoamericana de Cirugia Plastica / Panama, Panama / Est. 1974
Asian Association of Pediatric Surgeons / Singapore, Singapore / Est. 1972
World Association of Lebanese Neurosurgeons / Philadelphia PA, USA / Est. 1993
European Dialysis and Transplant Nurses Association - European Renal Care Association / Kävlinge, Sweden / Est. 1971
European Academy of Cosmetic Surgery / Est. 1996
International Federation of Facial Plastic Surgery Societies / Alexandria VA, USA / Est. 1998
Asian Society of Paediatric Anaesthesiologists / Singapore, Singapore / Est. 1999
Oriental Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery / Pasig City, Philippines / Est. 1988
Scandinavian Surgical Society / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1893
Asian Society of Veterinary Surgery / Yamaguchi, Japan / Est. 2011
Asian Society of Cryosurgery / Guangzhou, China / Est. 2011
Rhinoplasty Society of Europe / Lengede, Germany / Est. 2011
European Society of Craniofacial Surgery / Rotterdam, Netherlands / Est. 1984
European Workshop of Advanced Plastic Surgery / Kassel, Germany / Est. 1986
Asian Pacific Federation of Societies for Reconstructive Microsurgery / Yamaguchi, Japan / Est. 2012
Asian-Australasian Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery / Seoul, Korea Rep / Est. 2013
Asian Pacific Digestive Week Federation / Singapore, Singapore / Est. 2003
Asian periOpeRative Nurses Association
Asia-Pacific Society for Artificial Organs / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 2013
Baltic Association of Paediatric Surgeons / Riga, Latvia / Est. 1992
SAARC Surgical Care Society / Peradeniya, Sri Lanka / Est. 1996
Arab College of Neurosurgery
International Xenotransplantation Association / Montréal QC, Canada / Est. 1998
New European Surgical Academy / Berlin, Germany / Est. 2004

View all profiles (685 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Surgery

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Denial of the right to medical consent
Unnecessary gynaecological surgery
Inhaling of solvents and anaesthetic drugs
Hazardous medical use of silicon gel
Punitive amputations
Irresponsible genetic manipulation
Malpractice in plastic surgery
Unnecessary cosmetic surgery
Haemolytic disease of the newborn
Unnecessary surgery
Lack of human organs for transplantation
Surgical mistakes
Medical complications
Unsafe blood-related products

Action Strategies relating to Surgery

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Campaigning against childhood genital mutilation
Developing artificial organs
Living with complications of surgery
Improving standards of surgery
Developing plastic surgery
Providing prostheses to mine-injured amputees
Conducting autopsy
Using cosmetic surgery on pet animals
Evaluating surgical procedures
Training cataract surgeons
Creating national blood transfusion policies
Standardizing surgical care
Abstaining from control over surgical innovations
Introducing new surgical techniques
Regulating surgical profession
Promoting voluntary surgical contraception
Disseminating surgical knowledge
Interchanging neurosurgical knowledge
Advancing anaesthesiology
Training anaesthesiologists
Educating digestive surgeons
Using biomaterials
Advancing paediatric surgery
Networking enterostomal nurses

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