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UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions


The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies law in legal cases.

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Organizations relating to Judiciary

International Association of Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions / Paris, France / Est. 1983
European Centre for Judges and Lawyers / Luxembourg, Luxembourg / Est. 1992
Convention Concerning Courts Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgements in Civil and Commercial Matters / Est. 1968
Protocol Concerning the Adhesion of States Not Represented at the Third Conference on Private International Law to the Convention of June 12 1902, Relating to the Settlement of the Conflicts of Laws and Jurisdictions as Regards Divorce and Separation / Est. 1923
Latin-American Network of Judges / Belo Horizonte, Brazil / Est. 2006
Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Recognition of Decrees Relating to Adoptions / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1965
Convention Relating to the Settlement of the Conflict of Laws and Jurisdictions as Regards to Divorce and Separation / Est. 1902
International Convention on Certain Rules Concerning Civil Jurisdiction in Matters of Collision / Est. 1952
Benelux Court of Justice / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1974
Inter-American Convention on Personality and Capacity of Juridical Persons in Private International Law / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1984
European Judicial Network in Civil and Commercial Matters / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
European Judicial Network / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1998
Protocol Embodying a Declaration Concerning the Juridical Personality of Foreign Companies / Est. 1936
Assembly of Judges
European Magistrates for Democracy and Liberties / Belgrade, Serbia / Est. 1985
International Bar Association / London, UK / Est. 1947
Arab Centre for Legal and Judicial Research, Beirut
Convention Respecting Conditions of Residence and Business and Jurisdiction / Est. 1923
Consultative Council of European Judges / Strasbourg, France / Est. 2000
International Association of Youth and Family Judges and Magistrates / Sion, Switzerland / Est. 1930
African Jurists\' Association / Dakar, Senegal / Est. 1979
Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Cooperation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1996
Association of European Competition Law Judges / London, UK / Est. 2001
Association des hautes juridictions de cassation des pays ayant en partage l\'usage du Français / Paris, France / Est. 2001
International Association of Refugee Law Judges / Haarlem, Netherlands / Est. 1997

View all profiles (78 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Judiciary

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Political corruption of the judiciary
Inefficiencies of federalism among states
State sanctioned torture
Abuse of state immunity
Discrimination against juveniles in judicial proceedings due to protective legislation
Prohibitive cost of linguistic interpretation in legal proceedings
Racial disparities in criminal convictions
Unethical practices in the legal system
Extrajudicial courts and tribunals
Lack of impartiality of the judiciary
Jurisdictional conflict and antagonism among the specialized agencies of the United Nations

Action Strategies relating to Judiciary

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Globalizing judicial process
Settling international disputes
Enabling procedural alternatives in judicial process
Exchanging views among jurisdictions
Providing sufficient United Nations jurisdiction in administered territories
Abstaining from United Nations jurisdiction in administered territories
Reformulating basis for judicial deliberation
Improving training of judges
Improving international judicial system
Dismissing grounds for judicial appeal
Relying on incompetent judges
Predicting judicial decisions
Exposing reductionism of judicial procedures
Correcting misconduct of magistrates
Ensuring independence of the judiciary
Concretizing context of judicial decision-making
Issuing effective judicial remedy
Respecting jurisdictions
Ensuring competent judges
Disobeying judicial orders
Tightening judicial systems
Upholding judicial power
Determining content of appeal procedures
Coping with unpredictability of judicial decisions
Changing judicial guidelines

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