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Judiciary

UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

Description

The judiciary is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in a country, or an international community. The first legal systems of the world were set up to prevent citizens to settle conflicts without violence.

From Wikipedia

Organizations relating to Judiciary

Operational Net of Regional Cooperation of Central American Maritime Authorities / Est. 1986
International Association of Supreme Administrative Jurisdictions / Est. 1983
European Centre for Judges and Lawyers / Est. 1992
Convention Concerning Courts Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgements in Civil and Commercial Matters / Est. 1968
Protocol Concerning the Adhesion of States Not Represented at the Third Conference on Private International Law to the Convention of June 12 1902, Relating to the Settlement of the Conflicts of Laws and Jurisdictions as Regards Divorce and Separation / Est. 1923
Latin-American Network of Judges / Est. 2006
Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Recognition of Decrees Relating to Adoptions / Est. 1965
Centre d'études juridiques européennes, Genève
Convention Relating to the Settlement of the Conflict of Laws and Jurisdictions as Regards to Divorce and Separation / Est. 1902
International Convention on Certain Rules Concerning Civil Jurisdiction in Matters of Collision / Est. 1952
Espace judiciaire européen
Benelux Court of Justice / Est. 1974
Inter-American Convention on Personality and Capacity of Juridical Persons in Private International Law / Est. 1984
European Judicial Network in Civil and Commercial Matters / Est. 2001
Arab Organization for Social Defence Against Crime / Est. 1960
European Judicial Network / Est. 1998
Protocol Embodying a Declaration Concerning the Juridical Personality of Foreign Companies / Est. 1936
Assembly of Judges
Federation of Independent European Jurisdictions of the Odd Fellow Order
Centre international pour les magistrats 'L Severini' / Est. 1954
European Magistrates for Democracy and Liberties / Est. 1985
Committee of African Magistrates
Commonwealth Association of Human Rights Judges
Centre juridique international et de ménagement
International Bar Association / Est. 1947

View all profiles (128 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Judiciary

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Excessive leniency in sentencing of offenders
Ineffective legal profession
Capital punishment
Prohibitive cost of linguistic interpretation in legal proceedings
Economic barriers to women's access to the judicial process
Economic barriers to access to the legal profession, the judiciary and jury membership
Political discrimination in the administration of justice
Legalized discrimination
Discrimination against juveniles in judicial proceedings due to protective legislation
Racial disparities in criminal convictions
Extra-legal executions
Unethical practices in the legal system
Bias in jury trials
Miscarriage of justice
Alienating judicial procedures
Inadequate international judicial system
Disobedience of judicial order
Legal inconsistency
Contempt of judicial process
Collapse of judicial system
Jurisdictional conflict and antagonism within the specialized agencies of the United Nations
Lack of impartiality of the judiciary
Unilateral declarations of independence by extra-territorial bases
Lenient judicial system
Exclusion of the masses from setting criteria in judicial judgements

Action Strategies relating to Judiciary

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Globalizing judicial process
Settling international disputes
Enabling procedural alternatives in judicial process
Providing sufficient United Nations jurisdiction in administered territories
Abstaining from United Nations jurisdiction in administered territories
Improving training of judges
Improving international judicial system
Dismissing grounds for judicial appeal
Relying on incompetent judges
Predicting judicial decisions
Exposing reductionism of judicial procedures
Correcting misconduct of magistrates
Concretizing context of judicial decision-making
Tightening judicial systems
Upholding judicial power
Determining content of appeal procedures
Changing judicial guidelines
Supporting judicial decisions
Evaluating judicial procedures
Using judicial procedures
Refusing jurisdiction of international courts of justice
Accepting jurisdiction of international courts of justice
Providing rational framework for arbitration
Imposing context for judicial procedure
Providing review arena for decisions

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