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UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions


In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries.The term is similar to the idea of a senate, synod or congress, and is commonly used in countries that are current or former monarchies, a form of government with a monarch as the head. Some contexts restrict the use of the word parliament to parliamentary systems, although it is also used to describe the legislature in some presidential systems, even where it is not in the official name.

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Organizations relating to Parliament

Black Parliament of the Americas / Est. 2005
Center for Russia and Eurasia / Arlington VA, USA / Est. 1983
Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation / Istanbul, Turkey / Est. 1993
Radical Faeries / Est. 1998
Andean Parliament / Bogota, Colombia / Est. 1979
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1953
Institute for International Economic and Political Studies, Moscow / Moscow, Russia / Est. 1961
Great Lakes Parliamentary Forum on Peace / Est. 1998
Inter-American Parliamentary Group on Population and Development / Panama, Panama / Est. 1982
International Medical Parliamentarians Organization / Bangkok, Thailand / Est. 1989
International Communist Current / Est. 1975
Association des neurologues libéraux de langue française / Martigues, France / Est. 1987
Association of SAARC Speakers and Parliamentarians / Kathmandu, Nepal / Est. 1992
GOPAC América Latina y el Caribe / Mexico City, Mexico
Swedish International Liberal Centre / Stockholm, Sweden / Est. 1989
SADC Parliamentary Forum / Windhoek, Namibia / Est. 1993
Council of European Municipalities and Regions / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1951
International Gramsci Society / Westerville OH, USA / Est. 1989
American Indigenous Parliament / Est. 1988
Conference of Speakers of the European Union Parliaments / Luxembourg, Luxembourg
SADC Parliamentary Leadership Centre / Windhoek, Namibia
Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa Parliament / Est. 2010
Parliamentary Network on the World Bank and International Monetary Fund / Paris, France / Est. 2000
ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Assembly / Jakarta, Indonesia / Est. 1975
Association of Parliamentary Libraries of Eastern and Southern Africa / Kampala, Uganda / Est. 1994

View all profiles (129 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Parliament

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

National political disintegration
Unequal parliamentary constituencies
Discrimination against women in politics
Misleading of elected representatives by government officials

Action Strategies relating to Parliament

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Promoting political participation of women
Strengthening contacts among parliaments
Developing historic cohesion of government
Ensuring competent parliaments
Presenting proposal for collective examination
Enabling constituent recourse on parliamentary deliberations
Dialoguing among parliaments
Providing sufficient parliamentary time to approve urgent legislation
Articulating representative decision
Preserving parliamentary immunity
Using parliamentary privilege
Removing parliamentary immunity
Engaging in controlled debate of proposal in constituent assembly
Preserving inequality of parliamentary constituencies
Reducing inequality of parliamentary constituencies
Setting standards for conduct in parliament
Giving parliamentary privilege
Affirming parliamentary procedures
Strengthening multi-party parliamentary systems
Abusing politicians
Limiting time to approve urgent legislation
Amending proposal following examination by constituent assembly
Providing parliamentary aid to new and developing nations
Linking parliamentarians
Studying parliamentary law

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