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Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial and non financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations. The modern field was established by the Benedikt Kotruljevic in 1458, merchant, economist, scientist, diplomat and humanist from Dubrovnik (Croatia), and Italian mathematician Luca Pacioli in 1494. Accounting, which has been called the "language of business", measures the results of an organization's economic activities and conveys this information to a variety of users, including investors, creditors, management, and regulators. Practitioners of accounting are known as accountants. The terms "accounting" and "financial reporting" are often used as synonyms.

From Wikipedia

Organizations relating to Accounting

International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Certification / Petaling Jaya, Malaysia / Est. 1963
African Accounting Council / Est. 1979
Asian Academic Accounting Association / Sintok, Malaysia / Est. 1998
Middle East Society of Accountants
European Association for the Consumption-based Billing of Energy Costs / Bonn, Germany / Est. 1993
Caribbean School of Accountancy
ASEAN Federation of Accountants / Jakarta, Indonesia / Est. 1977
Sociedad Latinoamericana de Auditoria de Servicios de Salud / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1999
Association of Accounting Technicians / London, UK / Est. 1981
International Accountancy Group
IGAF Polaris - Latin America and Caribbean Region / Est. 1998
Union of European Accountancy Students / Est. 1974
Comité de liaison du transport pour compte propre de l'Union internationale des transports routiers auprès de l'Union européenne
BPA Worldwide / Shelton CT, USA / Est. 1931
International Association of Hospitality Accountants / Est. 1953
International Certification Network / Bern, Switzerland / Est. 1990
Asian Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions / Beijing, China / Est. 1979
Pacific Association of Supreme Audit Institutions / Auckland, New Zealand / Est. 1986
Agreement Concerning Transfers to and from Postal Cheque Accounts, 1957 / Est. 1957
Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions / Manama, Bahrain / Est. 1990
International Shari'ah Council of the AAOIFI / Manama, Bahrain
TAG International / Est. 1963
South African Institute of Professional Accountants / Est. 1982
Institute of Chartered Accountants of the Eastern Caribbean / Castries, St Lucia / Est. 2004
Centre for Research in European Accounting

View all profiles (177 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Accounting

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Protectionism in public accounting and auditing services
Corporation financial secrecy
Unethical practices of accountants
Misleading accounting information due to inflation
Foreign currency manipulations in accounting records of transnational corporations
Unpaid debts
Lack of social accounting in the business community
Creative accounting
Irresponsible accounting practices
Undervaluation of asset replacement costs
Abuse of banking secrecy
Inadequate public finance statistics
Inadequacy of economic accounting systems
Undervaluation of natural capital
Inadequate budgeting practices
Undervaluation of housework in national accounts
Imperfect accounting
Inadequate international standards of financial accounting and reporting
Lack of full cost accounting of consumer products
Abuse of expense accounts

Action Strategies relating to Accounting

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Providing full cost accounting of consumer products
Strengthening technical cooperation on integrated environmental accounting
Developing social audit
Integrating value of women's unpaid work in resource accounting systems
Developing auditing services
Improving environmental auditing of production costs
Conducting staff audit
Using natural resource accounting
Auditing environmental parameters
Developing corporate natural resource accounting for biodiversity
Strengthening national accounting systems
Using natural resource accounting for biodiversity conservation
Considering gender issues in biodiversity conservation
Using cost-benefit analysis
Formulating international accounting standards
Tolerating imperfect accounting
Harmonizing corporate accounting
Improving data needed for integrated environmental accounting
Including unpaid productive work in satellite national accounts
Computerizing auditing
Improving methodology for integrated environmental audits
Protecting accounting and auditing services
Providing training about integrated environmental accounting
Researching corporate environmental accounting

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