Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean Water & Sanitation

Access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene is the most basic human need for health and well-being. Billions of people will lack access to these basic services in 2030 unless progress quadruples. Demand for water is rising owing to rapid population growth, urbanization and increasing water needs from agriculture, industry, and energy sectors.

The demand for water has outpaced population growth, and half the world’s population is already experiencing severe water scarcity at least one month a year. Water scarcity is projected to increase with the rise of global temperatures as a result of climate change.

Investments in infrastructure and sanitation facilities; protection and restoration of water- related ecosystems; and hygiene education are among the steps necessary to ensure universal access to safe and affordable drinking water for all by 2030, and improving water-use efficiency is one key to reducing water stress.

There has been positive progress. Between 2015 and 2022, the proportion of the world’s population with access to safely managed drinking water increased from 69 per cent to 73 per cent.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

International Conference on Water Jetting

1972 Bedford UK S c

International Conferences on Waste Minimization and Clean Technology

Los Angeles CA USA S c

International Congress on Catalysis and Automotive Pollution Control


International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments

BWM 2004 2004 London UK T g

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

MARPOL 1973 London UK T g

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships as Modified by the Protocol of 1978

1978 London UK T g

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil

OILPOL 1954 T g

International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage

BUNKERS 2001 London UK T g

International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

CLC 1969 London UK T g

International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea

HNS 1996 London UK T g

International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness Response and Cooperation

OPRC 1990 London UK T g

International Convention on Salvage

1989 London UK T g

International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships

2001 London UK T g

International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties


International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems

ICP-IM Uppsala Sweden E

International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction

CIB 1953 Ottawa ON Canada B y

International Council of Bottled Water Associations

ICBWA Markham ON Canada C y

International Council of Women

ICW 1888 Paris France B

International Council on Large Electric Systems

1921 Paris France C

International Council on Materials Education

ICME 1979 Denton TX USA F v

International Council on Mining and Metals

ICMM 2001 London UK B y

International Council on Surgical Plume

ICSP 2014 Clarence NY USA N

International Crisis Aid

ICA 2000 St Louis MO USA G

International Cultural Diversity Organization

ICDO Vienna Austria J

International Dark-Sky Association

IDA 1988 Tucson AZ USA G v

International Data Centre on Hydrology of Lakes and Reservoirs

HYDROLARE 2009 St Petersburg Russia E g

International Desalination and Reuse Association

IDRA 1984 Danvers MA USA C

International Ecological Engineering Society

IEES 1993 Wädenswil Switzerland D

International Economic Association Interatomenergo

IEA Interatomenergo 1973 Moscow Russia D eg

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEC 1906 Geneva Switzerland C

International Emergency Management Organization

IEMO 2006 Nouakchott Mauritania C g

International Emissions Trading Association

IETA 1999 Geneva Switzerland D

International Environment, Social and Governance Association

IESGA 2021 G

International Environmental Law Research Centre

IELRC 1995 Cartigny Switzerland G

International Environmental Specimen Bank Group

IESB Dessau-Rosslau Germany C

International Environmental Technology Centre

IETC 1992 Osaka Japan E g

International Eurasia-Press Fund

IEPF 1992 Baku Azerbaijan F f

International Federation of Angling in Fresh Waters

1972 Rome Italy K

International Federation of Dental Hygienists

IFDH 1973 Rockville MD USA D

International Federation of Landscape Architects

IFLA 1948 Brussels Belgium B

International Federation of Private Water Operators

AquaFed 2005 Paris France C t

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

1919 Geneva Switzerland B

International Federation of Rural Adult Catholic Movements

1964 Assesse Belgium C

International Food and Agribusiness Management Association

IFAMA 1990 Corvallis OR USA D

International Forum on Sustainable Value Chains

ISVC 2013 Horgen Switzerland F

International Foundation for the Protection of Drinking Water

1983 Auckland New Zealand G f

International Friendship League

IFL 1926 Ross-on-Wye UK F y

International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFAD Rome Italy F fg

International Gas Union

IGU 1931 London UK C y

International Generator Technical Community