Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals
Goal 7: Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy
Energy is central to nearly every major challenge and opportunity the world faces today. Be it for jobs, security, climate change, food production or increasing incomes, access to energy for all is essential. Working towards this goal is especially important as it interlinks with other Sustainable Development Goals. Focusing on universal access to energy, increased energy efficiency and the increased use of renewable energy through new economic and job opportunities is crucial to creating more sustainable and inclusive communities and resilience to environmental issues like climate change.
At the current time, there are approximately 3 billion people who lack access to clean-cooking solutions and are exposed to dangerous levels of air pollution. Additionally, slightly less than 1 billion people are functioning without electricity and 50% of them are found in Sub-Saharan Africa alone. Fortunately, progress has been made in the past decade regarding the use of renewable electricity from water, solar and wind power and the ratio of energy used per unit of GDP is also declining.
However, the challenge is far from being solved and there needs to be more access to clean fuel and technology and more progress needs to be made regarding integrating renewable energy into end-use applications in buildings, transport and industry. Public and private investments in energy also need to be increased and there needs to be more focus on regulatory frameworks and innovative business models to transform the world’s energy systems.
|Name||Acronym||Founded||City HQ||Country/Territory HQ||Type I||Type II||Type III|
|1981||Abidjan||Côte d'Ivoire||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|1982||Jeddah||Saudi Arabia||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|LBS protocol||1980||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|MARPOL PROT 1997||1997||London||UK||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|HNS PROT 2010||2010||London||UK||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|Kiev protocol||2003||Geneva||Switzerland||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|OPRC-HNS 2000||2000||London||UK||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|INTERVENTION PROT 1973||1973||London||UK||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|1991 VOC protocol||1991||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|1988 NOx protocol||1988||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|1984 EMEP protocol||1984||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|1985 Sulphur protocol||1985||T||g||United Nations Bodies, Treaties, IGOs|
|POP protocol||1998||T||g||Treaties, IGOs|
|PCF||1999||Washington DC||USA||F||gf||Funds, IGOs|