International Civilian Mission to Haiti (MICIVIH)
Mission civile internationale en Haïti
9 Feb 1993, under terms of agreement incorporated in an exchange of letters between the de facto Prime Minister of Haiti and the United Nations Special Envoy. A joint mission of United Nations (UN) with Organization of American States (OAS). Expelled from Haiti by de facto authorities, 11 July 1994. Core group returned, 22 Oct 1994; activities resumed 26 Oct 1994. Responsibilities broadened following proposal of the UN Secretary-General, 23 Nov 1994. Replaces United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH). Mandate terminated 1999.
Original mandate: verify respect for human rights as laid down in the Haitian constitution and in international instruments to which Haiti is party; devote special attention to observance of the rights to life, to the integrity and security of the person, to personal liberty, to freedom of expression and to freedom of association. Following resumption of activities, Oct 1994: continue to give priority to monitoring and promotion of respect for human rights; as in the past, document the human rights situation, make recommendations to the Haitian authorities, implement an information and civic education programme and help to solve problems such as those relating to detention, medical assistance to victims and return of displaced persons; observe the forthcoming electoral campaign, during which monitor respect for freedom of expression and association and possibly participate in observation of the election itself; contribute to institution building, particularly the strengthening of human rights organizations; while continuing to verify compliance with Haiti's human rights obligations, contribute as far as possible to strengthening democratic institutions.Available with paid subscription only.
The Mission is entitled to receive communications relating to alleged human rights violations, to visit freely any place or establishment, to enjoy entire freedom of movement within Haitian territory, to interview anybody freely and privately, to make recommendations to the authorities and verify their follow-up, to undertake a public information and education campaign on human rights and to use the mass media for fulfilment of its mandate. It is authorized to resort to other international procedures for promotion and protection of human rights. The agreement provides that, following deployment of the Mission, the Special Envoy should undertake discussions regarding assistance from the United Nations and the Organization of American States in reinforcing democracy, accelerating economic development and professionalizing national institutions - in particular the judicial system, the armed forces and the police.
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- Social Activity
- Societal Problems
- International Relations
- United Nations
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