Amnesty International (AI)

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28 May 1961, London (UK), when launched by British lawyer Peter Benenson. Statutes most recently amended 2001, Dakar (Senegal).


Undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and expression and freedom from discrimination within the context of work to promote human rights; oppose abuses by opposing groups, including hostage-taking, torture and killing of prisoners and other deliberate and arbitrary killings.

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Assists asylum-seekers who are at risk of being returned to a country where they will be at risk of violations of basic and fundamental human rights; cooperates with other non-governmental organizations, the United Nations (UN) and with regional intergovernmental organizations; campaigns to increase accountability in international military, security and police relations; organizes human rights education and awareness-raising programmes. Oct 2002, launched worldwide campaign to highlight discrepancy between human rights protection which those living in the Russian Federation have in international and national law and the reality of widespread human rights abuses committed in a climate of impunity. During 2003, delegates visited dozens of countries and territories to meet victims of human rights violations, observe trial and interview local human rights activists and officials. Together with Oxfam International and IANSA, launched an arms control campaign calling for a Global arms trade treaty' - a draft resolution for Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) approved by the United nations in 2006 - and for local action to protect civilians from armed violence. Launched 'Demand Dignity Campaign', 2009 - to stop and prevent the human rights abuses that drive and deepen poverty.

Mainstream activities include both opposition to and denouncing of violations of civil and political human rights and also preventative human rights work such as human rights awareness and human rights education programmes. Approaches have included: lobbying to ensure incorporation of human rights into official training and education curricula of schools, universities, military and police academies, civil service and other professional training programmes; advice on curricula; workshops and training programmes for target groups.


 • Conference for the Abolition of Torture, 1973.

 • Conference for the Abolition of the Death Penalty, 1977.

 • International Conference on Extrajudicial Executions 1982.

 • International Conference on Disappearances and Political Killings, 1992.

 • appeal for the establishment of an International Criminal Court (ICC) by the year 2000, launched Oct 1996.

 • In 1977, received the Nobel Peace Prize for its contribution to securing the journal for freedom, for justice, and thereby also for peace in the world.

 • In 1978, on the 30th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, awarded the United Nations Human Rights Prize for outstanding achievements in the field of human rights.

 • Campaign to mark the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights culminated, 10 Dec 1998, Paris (France), with presentation of 13.2 million pledges from over 130 countries.


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Arabic, English, French, Spanish.


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Consultative Status

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR) (Observer); United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) (Special); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (Associate Status); International Labour Organization (ILO) (Special List); Council of Europe (CE) (Participatory Status); United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment).

Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 7 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 28 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 167 countries
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Type I Classification

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 4: Quality EducationGOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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