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Economics → Productivity

Description

Productivity is the efficiency of production of goods or services expressed by some measure. Measurements of productivity are often expressed as a ratio of an aggregate output to a single input or an aggregate input used in a production process, i.e. output per unit of input, typically over a specific period of time. The most common example is the (aggregate) labour productivity measure, one example of which is GDP per worker. There are many different definitions of productivity and the choice among them depends on the purpose of the productivity measurement and/or data availability. The key source of difference between various productivity measures is also usually related to how the outputs and the inputs are aggregated to obtain such a ratio-type measure of productivity.

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Organizations relating to Productivity

Asian Productivity Organization / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 1961
Intergovernmental Group on Meat and Dairy Products / Est. 1970
Global Alliance for Energy Productivity / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2015
Pan-African Productivity Association / Midrand, South Africa / Est. 1992
Proyectos de Innovación IBEROEKA / Madrid, Spain / Est. 1991
Liaison Committee for National Productivity Centres of the EEC Member Countries
Inter-American Productivity Association
Partnership for Productivity International / Est. 1969
European Workshop on Efficiency and Productivity Analysis / Est. 1989
Productivity Research Network
Competitiveness Research Network / Halle (Saale), Germany / Est. 2012
Institute for Productive Learning in Europe / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1989
Once Acre Fund / Est. 2006
International Society of Transdisciplinary Engineering / Delft, Netherlands / Est. 1984
International Olive Council / Madrid, Spain / Est. 1959
International Association for the Distributive Trade / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1952
European Association of National Productivity Centres / Eschborn, Germany / Est. 1966
Asia-Pacific Productivity Conference
World Confederation of Productivity Science / Montréal QC, Canada / Est. 1969
Joint Programming Initiative on Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2017
World Association for Cooperative Education / Lowell MA, USA / Est. 1983

View all profiles (47 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Productivity

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Unsustainable short-term improvements in agricultural productivity
Counter-productive price supports and subsidies
Soil degradation
Ageing of world population
Declining agricultural land
Ineffective means for goods supply and distribution
Waste of resources
Waste of non-renewable resources
Unproductive subsistence agriculture
Declining economic productivity
Waste of human resources
Unsustainable cultivation of long-lifed trees
Socio-economically inactive population
Non-productive capitalist elites
Counter-productive agricultural subsidies
Non-productive use of cattle and livestock
Private ownership
Underuse of high productivity methods of agricultural management
Unproductive dependents

Action Strategies relating to Productivity

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Developing technologies
Refining capabilities for natural resource productivity
Increasing small farmers enterprise and income
Increasing efficiency of manual farming
Achieving cleaner production
Strengthening comprehensive health care for women
Enhancing vocational training capacity
Restoring sustainable productivity in severely desertified drylands
Promoting women's economic self-reliance
Conserving global marine biological diversity
Maximizing waste reuse
Creating productive employment relating to the environment
Increasing productivity of capitalist systems
Defining necessary skills
Developing comprehensive productive systems
Activating productivity by system breakthroughs
Assuring full catch utilization
Developing productive enterprises
Disseminating modern productivity knowledge techniques
Enhancing productivity
Decreasing rate of productivity increase
Increasing productivity of technical aids
Implementing productive uses
Developing privately owned productive enterprises
Developing youth vocational skills

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