Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences with a major focus on weather forecasting. The study of meteorology dates back millennia, though significant progress in meteorology did not begin until the 18th century. The 19th century saw modest progress in the field after weather observation networks were formed across broad regions. Prior attempts at prediction of weather depended on historical data. It was not until after the elucidation of the laws of physics, and more particularly in the latter half of the 20th century the development of the computer that significant breakthroughs in weather forecasting were achieved. An important branch of weather forecasting is marine weather forecasting as it relates to maritime and coastal safety, in which weather effects also include atmospheric interactions with large bodies of water.

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Second Level Subjects


Organizations relating to Meteorology

International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy / Potsdam, Germany / Est. 1919
World Meteorological Organization / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1947
International Association of Wind Engineering / Shanghai, China / Est. 1975
World Wind Energy Association / Bonn, Germany / Est. 2001
International Association of Broadcast Meteorology / New Milton, UK / Est. 1994
Conference of Commonwealth Meteorologists / Exeter, UK
International Society for Agricultural Meteorology / Bruchem, Netherlands
Caribbean Meteorological Organization / Port-of-Spain, Trinidad-Tobago / Est. 1973
Federación Latinoamericana e Ibérica de Sociedades de Meteorologia / Rio de Janeiro, Brazil / Est. 1986
Asociación Latinoamericana de Energia Eólica / Guadalajara, Mexico / Est. 2007
East African Meteorological Society / Arusha, Tanzania UR
European Academy of Wind Energy / Kassel, Germany / Est. 2003
International Society for Atmospheric Research Using Remotely Piloted Aircraft / Est. 2013
Asia Oceania Space Weather Alliance / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 2010
African Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology Education - English / Ile Ife, Nigeria / Est. 1998
African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development / Niamey, Niger / Est. 1987
International Commission on Middle Atmosphere Science / Kyoto, Japan
AGRHYMET Regional Centre / Niamey, Niger / Est. 1974
International Commission on Polar Meteorology / Cambridge, UK
WMO Staff Association / Geneva, Switzerland
ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee / Macau, Macau / Est. 1968
International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems / Uppsala, Sweden
Centre international de recherche-développement sur l'élevage en zone subhumide / Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso / Est. 1972
Ecole africaine de la méteorologie et de l'aviation civile / Niamey, Niger / Est. 1963
International Commission on Planetary Atmospheres and their Evolution / Madison WI, USA
International Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution / Bremen, Germany / Est. 1957
WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones / Islamabad, Pakistan / Est. 1972
Global Wind Energy Council / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2005
Comité Regional de Recursos Hidraulicos del Istmo Centroamericano / San José, Costa Rica / Est. 1966
Standing International Road Weather Commission / Dorval QC, Canada / Est. 1985
Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology / Ravenna, Italy / Est. 1999
Commission du Danube / Budapest, Hungary / Est. 1948
International Radiation Commission / Boulder CO, USA / Est. 1924
Working Group on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 1994
International Commission on Atmospheric Electricity / Gifu, Japan
Regional Humid Tropics Hydrology and Water Resources Centre for South East Asia and the Pacific / Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia / Est. 1997
International Commission on Clouds and Precipitation / Est. 1967
Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean / Panama, Panama / Est. 1992
World Wind Energy Institute / Hurup Thy, Denmark / Est. 2006
ASEAN Specialized Meteorological Centre / Singapore, Singapore / Est. 1993
Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology / Bridgetown, Barbados / Est. 1967
WMO Integrated Global Observing System / Geneva, Switzerland
Conference of Directors of the West African National Meteorological and Hydrological Services / Madrid, Spain
Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites / Darmstadt, Germany / Est. 1972
International Group for Wind-Related Disaster Risk Reduction / Shanghai, China / Est. 2009
International Snow Science Workshop
International Commission on History of Meteorology / Fairfax VA, USA / Est. 2001
African Risk Capacity Agency / Johannesburg, South Africa
World Weather Watch / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1968
European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association / Kiruna, Sweden / Est. 1975

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