Communication → Printing
Printing is a process for mass reproducing text and images using a master form or template. The earliest non-paper products involving printing include cylinder seals and objects such as the Cyrus Cylinder and the Cylinders of Nabonidus. The earliest known form of printing as applied to paper was woodblock printing, which appeared in China before 220 AD. Later developments in printing technology include the movable type invented by Bi Sheng around 1040 AD and the printing press invented by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century. The technology of printing played a key role in the development of the Renaissance and the scientific revolution, and laid the material basis for the modern knowledge-based economy and the spread of learning to the masses.
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Organizations relating to Printing
FESPA / Dorking, UK / Est. 1962
International Association of Electrotypers / Est. 1897
European Toner and Inkjet Remanufacturers Association / Breda, Netherlands / Est. 2003
European Committee of Printing and Paper Converting Machinery Manufacturers / Zurich, Switzerland / Est. 1957
European Cartridge Research Association / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1964
European Association of Engravers and Flexographers / Marburg, Germany / Est. 1966
World Print and Communication Forum / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2004
International Association of Printing House Craftsmen / Minneapolis MN, USA / Est. 1919
Xplor International / Lutz FL, USA / Est. 1980
Early Book Society / New York NY, USA / Est. 1987
International Typographical Union / Est. 1852
International Society of Copier and Computergraphic Artists / Brooklyn NY, USA / Est. 1982
In-Plant Printing and Mailing Association / Kearney MO, USA / Est. 1964
European Specialist Printing Manufacturers Associations / Tielt-Winge, Belgium / Est. 1990
Emerging Nanopatterning Methods Consortium / Espoo, Finland
Vienna Agreement for the Protection of Type Faces and Their International Deposit / Est. 1973
Screenprinting and Graphic Imaging Association International / Mississauga ON, Canada / Est. 1948
International Society of Typographic Designers / London, UK / Est. 1928
Worldwide Printing Thermographers Association / Nashville TN, USA
Association typographique internationale / Buffalo NY, USA / Est. 1957
European Flexographic Industry Association / Leeds, UK / Est. 1972
European Rotogravure Association / Munich, Germany / Est. 1956
Imaging Consumables Coalition of Europe, Middle-East and Africa / Egham, UK / Est. 1997
European Council of the Paint, Printing Ink and Artists' Colours Industry / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1951
Association of Printing and Data Solutions Professionals / Oak Park IL, USA / Est. 1927
World Problems relating to PrintingFrom the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential
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