Second Level Subjects
Oceanography, also known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean. It is an important Earth science, which covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. These diverse topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers blend to further knowledge of the world ocean and understanding of processes within: astronomy, biology, chemistry, climatology, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology and physics. Paleoceanography studies the history of the oceans in the geologic past.
Organizations relating to Oceanography
Environment Northern Seas Foundation / Est. 1992
Nordic Marine Academy / Bergen, Norway / Est. 2005
Agreement Concerning Interim Arrangements Relating to Polymetallic Nodules of the Deep Sea Bed / Est. 1982
European Institute of Marine Studies / Plouzané, France / Est. 1991
Global Ocean Observing System for Africa / Paris, France
World Ocean Council / Honolulu HI, USA / Est. 2008
Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Centre / Manama, Bahrain / Est. 1982
Eastern African Action Plan / Est. 1985
Asian Marine Conservation Association / Kolkata, India / Est. 1988
Agreement on the Conservation of Seals in the Wadden Sea / Wilhelmshaven, Germany / Est. 1990
Institute of Oceanology, Varna
Law of the Sea Institute / Berkeley CA, USA / Est. 1965
Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas / Est. 1958
Institute of Ocean Economics
European Union of Geosciences / Est. 1981
Action Plan for Protection, Development and Management of the Marine Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region / Busan, Korea Rep / Est. 1991
Amendments to the Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft / Est. 1995
United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea / Est. 1958
Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific Ocean / Est. 1992
INTERFERRY / Victoria BC, Canada / Est. 1976
Convention for the Protection on the Marine Environment for the North-East Atlantic / London, UK / Est. 1992
IOC Science and Communication Centre on Harmful Algae / Copenhagen, Denmark / Est. 1995
Shirshov Institute of Oceanography, Moscow
Ocean Policy Research Institute / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 1975
European Centre for Marine Environment Problems
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