Second Level Subjects



Oceanography, also known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and biological aspects of the ocean. It is an important Earth science, which covers a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. These diverse topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers blend to further knowledge of the world ocean and understanding of processes within: astronomy, biology, chemistry, climatology, geography, geology, hydrology, meteorology and physics. Paleoceanography studies the history of the oceans in the geologic past. An oceanographer is a person who studies many matters concerned with oceans including marine geology, physics, chemistry and biology.

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Organizations relating to Oceanography

Nordic Marine Academy / Bergen, Norway / Est. 2005
Agreement Concerning Interim Arrangements Relating to Polymetallic Nodules of the Deep Sea Bed / Est. 1982
European Institute of Marine Studies / Plouzané, France / Est. 1991
Global Ocean Observing System for Africa / Paris, France
World Ocean Council / Honolulu HI, USA / Est. 2008
Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Centre / Manama, Bahrain / Est. 1982
Asian Marine Conservation Association / Kolkata, India / Est. 1988
Agreement on the Conservation of Seals in the Wadden Sea / Wilhelmshaven, Germany / Est. 1990
Law of the Sea Institute / Berkeley CA, USA / Est. 1965
Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas / Est. 1958
Action Plan for Protection, Development and Management of the Marine Environment of the Northwest Pacific Region / Busan, Korea Rep / Est. 1991
Amendments to the Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft / Est. 1995
Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific Ocean / Est. 1992
INTERFERRY / Victoria BC, Canada / Est. 1976
Convention for the Protection on the Marine Environment for the North-East Atlantic / London, UK / Est. 1992
IOC Science and Communication Centre on Harmful Algae / Copenhagen, Denmark / Est. 1995
Ocean Policy Research Institute / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 1975
Sea Turtle Conservancy / Gainesville FL, USA / Est. 1959
Gateway Antarctica / Christchurch, New Zealand / Est. 1993
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties / London, UK / Est. 1969
Society for Marine Mammalogy / Moss Landing CA, USA / Est. 1981
International Cable Protection Committee / Est. 1958
African Sea Kayak Society, The / Cape Town, South Africa / Est. 1997
Fondation internationale du Banc d'Arguin / Arles, France / Est. 1986
Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission - Helsinki Commission / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1974

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