Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production


Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Siberian Crane, 1998

1998 T g

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Slender-billed Curlew

1994 Bonn Germany T g

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the West African Populations of the African Elephant - Loxodonta Africana

2005 Bonn Germany T g

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation, Restoration and Sustainable Use of the Saiga Antelope - Saiga Tatarica Tatarica

2005 Bonn Germany T g

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

2008 Bonn Germany T g

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia

2008 Bonn Germany T g

Memorandum of Understanding for the Conservation of Cetaceans and Their Habitats in the Pacific Islands Region

2006 Bonn Germany T g

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Dugongs - Dugong Dugon - and Their Habitats Throughout Their Range

UNEP/CMS Dugong MoU 2007 T g

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and Their Habitats of the Indian Ocean and South-East Asia

2001 Bangkok Thailand T g

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of the Middle-European Population of the Great Bustard - Otis Tarda

2000 Bonn Germany T g

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of High Andean Flamingos and Their Habitats

2008 Bonn Germany T g

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and Their Habitats

2007 Bonn Germany T g

Memory of the World Programme

Memoria Mundi 1993 Paris France K g

Merchant Risk Council

MRC 2000 Seattle WA USA C

Mercosur - European Business Forum

MEBF 1998 Luxembourg Luxembourg G

Metalock International Association

MIA 1953 Ashby-de-la-Zouch UK C

Microenergia - Micro Business Habitat

2001 Buenos Aires Argentina F

Microsoft Healthcare Users Group Europe

MS-HUGe Sint-Martens-Latem Belgium E

Middle East Council of Shopping Centres

MECSC 1994 Dubai United Arab Emirates D

Middle East Facility Management Association

MEFMA D

Middle East Solar Industry Association

MESIA 2009 G t

Middle-East Nature Conservation Promotion Association

G

Middle-East, North Africa and Pakistan Self-Care Industry

MENAP-SCI 2004 Lausanne Switzerland D t

Milan Urban Food Policy Pact

MUFPP 2015 Milan Italy E

Mining Industry Association of Southern Africa

MIASA 1998 Johannesburg South Africa D t

Ministry to Educate and Equip International

MTEE 1983 Henrico VA USA N

Modern Building Alliance

Brussels Belgium D y

Moscow International Higher Business School

MIRBIS 1988 Moscow Russia G

Mountain Research Initiative

MRI 2001 Bern Switzerland F

Mouvement pour une alternative non-violente

MAN 1974 Montreuil France G

Movendi International

1851 Stockholm Sweden C

MSPA

1998 Orlando FL USA F t

Multilateral Agreement Relating to Certificates of Airworthiness for Imported Aircraft

1960 Montréal QC Canada T g

Multilateral Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation of Copyright Royalties and Additional Protocol

Madrid Multilateral Convention 1979 Paris France T g

Multilateral Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters

1988 Strasbourg France T g

Multilayer Modular Flooring Association

MMFA 2012 Bielefeld Germany G

Mundus maris

2010 Brussels Belgium F

Music Producers Guild

MPG 1995 Littlehampton UK D

Muslim Brotherhood

1929 F

Nanotechnology Industries Association

NIA 2005 Sint-Pieters-Woluwe Belgium D t

NATO Support and Procurement Agency

NSPA 1958 Capellen Luxembourg E g

NATRUE

2007 Brussels Belgium D

Natura 2000 Network

1992 Brussels Belgium K g

Natural Products Research Network for Eastern and Central Africa

NAPRECA 1984 Nairobi Kenya F

NatureNet Europe

2004 F

NatureServe

1994 Arlington VA USA G

Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden

FMO 1959 The Hague Netherlands G e

Net Impact

Oakland CA USA G

Netherlands-African Business Council

NABC 1946 The Hague Netherlands G

Network for Advancement of Transfusion Alternatives

NATA 1998 Paris France F

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