Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities


The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Aglow International

1967 Edmonds WA USA F

Agreement Amending the Nordic Convention of 19 November 1934 Regarding Inheritance and the Settlement of the Devolution of Property

1975 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement as to Disposition of Rights in Atomic Energy Inventions

1956 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement between Denmark, Iceland, Norway and Sweden concerning cooperation in matters of competition

2001 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement between the Central African States Concerning the Creation of a Special Fund for the Conservation of Wild Fauna

1983 T g Funds, Treaties, IGOs

Agreement between the Member States of the Council of Europe on the Issue to Military and Civilian War-disabled of an International Book of Vouchers for the Repair of Prosthetic and Orthopaedic Appliances

1962 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Concerning Cooperative Research in Reactor Science

1970 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Concerning Population Registration

1968 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Concerning the Application of the European Convention on the Suppression of Terrorism among the Member States of the European Communities

1979 T g Treaties, European Union Bodies, IGOs

Agreement Concerning the Legal Status and Privileges of International Specialized Organizations for Economic Cooperation

1966 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement Concerning the Liberalization of Trade in Fishing Products

1956 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Concerning the Preservation or the Re-establishment of the Rights of Industrial Property Affected by the World War

1920 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement Extending the Territorial Scope of the South Pacific Commission

1951 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement for Cooperation and Consultation between the Central African States for the Conservation of Wild Fauna

1983 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement for the Readmittance of Aliens Who Have Illegally Entered the Territory of Another Contracting Party

1952 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and other Celestial Bodies

1979 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement on Co-ordination of Pension Entitlement under State Pension Schemes

1973 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement on Cooperative Assistance to Kenya

1967 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement on Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora

1994 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement on Patents and Privileges of Invention

1911 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing

2009 T g FAO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the Organization of American States

1949 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement on the Application among the Member States of the European Communities of the Council of Europe Convention on the Transfer of Sentenced Persons

1987 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement on the Application of the Most-favored-nation Clause

1934 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats

EUROBATS 1991 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Atomic Energy Agency

1959 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Criminal Court

APIC 2002 The Hague Netherlands T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

1997 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Regarding Rules for Recognition of Contribution Periods and Periods of Employment in the Case of Persons Covered by Unemployment Insurance Who Remove from One Country to Another

1959 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Regarding Rules for Recognition of Qualifying Periods and the Like in Connection with the Right of Persons Covered by Unemployment Insurance to Unemployment Benefits

1976 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agreement Regarding the Free Right of Passage to Aircraft Over British and French Territories in the Antarctic

1938 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Agri-Overseas

Brussels Belgium N

Ahimsa Fund

Lyon France F f Funds, Foundations

Aid and International Development Forum

AIDF London UK J

Aid for Africa

Chevy Chase MD USA G y International Federations

AID FOR AIDS International

AFA 1996 New York NY USA G

Aid for International Medicine

AIM 1964 Rockland DE USA N Humanitarian Organizations

Aid to Children Without Parents

ACWP 1988 San Jose CA USA N v Humanitarian Organizations

Aid To Southeast Asia

ASA 1989 Minneapolis MN USA G Humanitarian Organizations

Aid to Special Saints in Strategic Times Ministries

ASSIST Ministries 1988 Lake Forest CA USA N Humanitarian Organizations

Aid to the Church in Need

1947 Königstein Germany F Humanitarian Organizations

AID/WATCH

1992 Erskineville Australia G

Aide à la réalisation de projects africains

ARPA Montagnat France G

Aide au développement international

ADI 1998 Liège Belgium G Humanitarian Organizations

Aide de Saint-André au Tiers-monde

SATIMO 1969 Bruges Belgium G Humanitarian Organizations

Aide et action France

1981 Paris France G Humanitarian Organizations

Aide et action International

2007 Geneva Switzerland F

Aide et Action International Afrique

Lomé Togo F

Aide internationale au développement et à l'enfance

AIDE Aublain Belgium G Humanitarian Organizations

Aide médicale et développement

AMD 1986 Grenoble France G Humanitarian Organizations

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