Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities


The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Additional Protocol to the European Social Charter Providing for a System of Collective Complaints

1995 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Additional Protocol to the Inter-American Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad

1984 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, IGOs

Administrative Tribunal of the Organization of American States

1971 Washington DC USA K g Staff Associations, IGOs

Advice on Individual Rights in Europe Centre

AIRE Centre 1993 London UK G Human Rights Organizations

Advocacy Network for Africa

ADNA New York NY USA G y International Federations

Advocaten Zonder Grenzen

1992 Brussels Belgium F v Human Rights Organizations

Advocates for Human Rights

1983 Minneapolis MN USA G Human Rights Organizations

Advocates for International Development

A4ID London UK G

Advocates International

1991 Alexandria VA USA G Human Rights Organizations

AEIDL - European Association for Information on Local Development

1988 Brussels Belgium E v Human Rights Organizations

Afghanistan World Foundation

AWF 2002 New York NY USA G f Foundations

Aflatoun International

2005 Amsterdam Netherlands C

Africa 2000

2004 London UK G

Africa 2000 Plus Network, Harare

1989 Harare Zimbabwe F

Africa Action

2001 Washington DC USA G

Africa Advocacy Foundation

1996 London UK G f Foundations

Africa Centre for Open Governance

AfriCOG Nairobi Kenya G

Africa Civil Society for the Information Society

ACSIS 2003 Dakar Senegal D

Africa Cooperative Action Trust - International

ACAT International 1979 Mbabane Eswatini F

Africa Culture Internationale Human Rights

ACI Human Rights 1996 Toubacouta Senegal G Human Rights Organizations

Africa Faith and Justice Network

AFJN 1983 Washington DC USA G

Africa Groups of Sweden

AGS 1970 Stockholm Sweden G

Africa Humanitarian Action

AHA 1994 Addis Ababa Ethiopia G Humanitarian Organizations

Africa Leadership Forum

ALF 1988 Ota Nigeria F

Africa Legal Aid

AFLA 1995 The Hague Netherlands F Human Rights Organizations

Africa Network for Animal Welfare

ANAW Nairobi Kenya F

Africa Partnership Forum

APF 2003 E gy International Federations, IGOs

Africa Platform

ACP 2010 Nairobi Kenya F

Africa Solidarity Trust Fund

ASTF 2013 Accra Ghana F g Funds, IGOs

Africa Unite

AU 2001 Cape Town South Africa G

Africa-Europe Faith and Justice Network

AEFJN 1988 Brussels Belgium F y International Federations

African Aid Organization

AFAID 2000 Washington DC USA G

African Assembly for the Defense of Human Rights

1990 Dakar Senegal G Human Rights Organizations

African Association for the Defense of Human Rights

1991 Kinshasa Congo DR G Human Rights Organizations

African Bird Club

ABC 1992 Cambridge UK F Clubs

African Books Collective

ABC 1989 Oxford UK F y International Federations

African Central Bank

ACB Addis Ababa Ethiopia J gp Banks, IGOs

African Centre for Advocacy and Human Development

ACAHD 2002 Lagos Nigeria G Humanitarian Organizations

African Centre for Applied Research and Training in Social Development

ACARTSOD 1977 E g IGOs

African Centre for Democracy and Human Rights Studies

ACDHRS 1989 Serrekunda Gambia E Human Rights Organizations

African Centre for Empowerment and Gender Advocacy

Nairobi Kenya G

African Centre for Human Rights Education

1996 Dakar Senegal G Human Rights Organizations

African Centre for Migration and Society

ACMS Witwatersrand South Africa G

African Charter of Human and Peoples' Rights

Banjul Protocol 1981 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

African Child Education Right Initiative

ACERI Lagos Nigeria G Human Rights Organizations

African Child in Need

ACIN Kampala Uganda G

African Civil Society Network on Water and Sanitation

ANEW Nairobi Kenya D

African Coalition for Corporate Accountability

ACCA 2013 Pretoria South Africa D y International Federations, Human Rights Organizations

African Commission of Health and Human Rights Promoters

ACHHRP 1989 Accra Ghana G Human Rights Organizations

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights

ACHPR 1981 Banjul Gambia E g Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Pages