Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM)

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as Imperial Conference, organized and serviced by Commonwealth Secretariat. Name changed, 1944, to Prime Ministers Meetings. Present name adopted 1971.


Promote common understanding of policies, and common approaches to possible solutions to world problems, by informal exchange of views on major trends in political and economic affairs and on particular problems.

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Decisions are reached by consensus and have provided the impetus for the most significant joint Commonwealth activities. Meetings have resulted in: the Declaration of Commonwealth Principles, 1971, Singapore (Singapore); the Gleneagles Agreement, 1977, to prevent sporting contacts with South Africa so long as that country continues its apartheid policies; the Lusaka Declaration on Racism and Racial Prejudice, 1979; the Melbourne Declaration on International Economic Justice, 1981; the Goa Declaration on International Security, 1983; the Delhi Statement on Economic Action, 1983; the Commonwealth Accord on Southern Africa, 1985, Nassau (Bahamas); the Vancouver Declaration on World Trade and the Okanagan Statement and Programme of Action, 1987; the Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) Statement, 'Southern Africa: the Way Ahead' and the Langkawi Declaration on Environment, 1989; the Harare (Zimbabwe) Commonwealth Declaration (1991). Britain dissented from parts of the Okanagan and Kuala Lumpur Statements including the establishment of a Committee of Foreign Ministers to provide high level guidance in furtherance of the objectives of the Okanagan Statement (1987) and the agreement to tighten sanctions (1989). A 'Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group', set up Nov 1995, Auckland (New Zealand), by the Heads of Government, addresses serious and persistent violations of the principles of the 1991 Harare Declaration. The 1999 CHOGM, Durban (South Africa), adopted the Fancourt Commonwealth Declaration on Globalization and People-Centred Development, spelling out the challenge of how to channel the forces of globalization for the elimination of poverty and empowerment of human beings to lead fulfilling lives; it also decided that a High Level Group should be established to review the role of the Commonwealth and advise on how best it could respond to the challenges of the new century. The Group comprises 10 Heads of Government, including the President of South Africa who chairs the Group. It reported to the next CHOGM in 2001, Australia.

Instrumental in setting up such Commonwealth bodies as: Centre for Research into Economics and Finance in Southern Africa (CREFSA); Commonwealth Business Council (CBC); Commonwealth Committee on Southern Africa (CCSA); Commonwealth Foundation (CF); Commonwealth Health Development Programme (CHDP); Commonwealth Intergovernmental Group on Refugees and Displaced Persons (IGRDP); Commonwealth of Learning (COL); Commonwealth Media Development Fund (CMDF); Commonwealth Ministerial Action Group on the Harare Declaration (CMAG); Commonwealth Nassau Fellowships Scheme; Commonwealth Private Investment Initiative (CPII); Meeting of Commonwealth Ministers Responsible for Women's Affairs.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 10 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 50 countries
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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Government
    • Government
    • Officials

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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