United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM)

Opération des Nations Unies en Somalie (ONUSOM)

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History

24 Apr 1992, by resolution 751 (1992) of United Nations Security Council (UNSC), on recommendation of the Secretary-General of United Nations (UN), initially for a period of 6 months, extended to Apr 1993, as UNOSOM I -- ONUSOM I; and subsequently, from May 1993 to Mar 1995, as UNOSOM II -- ONUSOM II. One of the United Nations Peace-keeping Operations (DOMP). Mandate terminated 31 Mar 1995.

Aims

Monitor the ceasefire agreement of 3 Mar 1992; protect UN personnel; safeguard humanitarian activities around Mogadishu.

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Activities

Protection of humanitarian convoys and distribution centres, including use of force through Unified Task Force (UNITAF) in extreme cases. When a ceasefire is established, heavy weapons are controlled, lawless gangs disarmed and a new police force created, then operations of UNITAF will be transferred to UNOSOM II. Until that time, UNITAF is responsible for the military command and UNOSOM for political aspects and humanitarian assistance.

Structure

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 10 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Members

Members in 17 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Defence
    • Cease-Fire, Surrender
  • International Relations
    • United Nations
  • Peace
    • Humanitarian

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal

UIA Org ID

F5232

Last News Received

28. Dec 1995
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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