Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)
Traité d'interdiction complète des essais nucléaires
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1996-09-10 New York NY USA
Established by A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN), negotiations having begun within the F-XE6548 - Conference on Disarmament (CD), Jan 1994, Geneva (Switzerland). Also referred to as Comprehensive test ban treaty. Opened for signature on 24 Sep 1996. Will not enter into force until it has been signed and ratified by the 44 states that formally participated in the 1996 session of the Conference on Disarmament, and that appear in table l of the December 1995 edition of "Nuclear Research Reactors in the World" and table l of the April 1996 edition of "Nuclear Power Reactors in the World", both compiled by the International Atomic Energy Agency. If the Treaty has not entered into force 4 years after its opening for signature, a conference of those states that have already ratified it may be held to decide what measures may be taken to accelerate the ratification process and to facilitate the Treaty's entry into force. States not yet having signed the Treaty but whose signature and ratification are required for the Treaty to come into force (3): India; Korea DPR; Pakistan. Precursors are: T-XT6316 - Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and under Water, prohibiting all nuclear explosions in the atmosphere, in outer space and under water but not underground; T-XT7433 - Threshold Test Ban Treaty, 1974, limiting the yield of underground nuclear weapon tests to 150 kilotons. Protocol to the Treaty signed 24 Sep 1996, New York NY.
E-XE3237 - Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is responsible for setting up the verification procedure and for bringing into being the F-XF5828 - Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO).
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
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