Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR)

Commission interaméricaine des droits de l'homme
Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH)
Comissão Interamericana de Direitos Humanos

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Established 8 Aug 1959, Santiago (Chile), at 5th Meeting of Consultation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, to carry out provisions of the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man, signed 1948, Bogota. Statute approved 25 May 1960, by Organization of American States (OAS); amended 1965, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). New Statute approved by OAS General Assembly, Oct 1979, following coming into effect of Inter-American Convention on Human Rights (Pact of San José de Costa Rica), 18 July 1978. New regulations: adopted Apr 1980; modified 29 June 1987. Inter-American Declaration of Principles on Freedom of Expression approved at 108th regular session, Oct 2000.


Promote observance and protection of human rights in the Americas; serve as a consultative body to the OAS in these matters.

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The American Convention on Human Rights, currently ratified by 25 OAS member states: sets forth the structure, competence and procedure of the Commission; establishes the obligations of states party to the Convention to respect the rights and freedoms recognized in the Convention and to adopt internal measures to give them effect. The Commission exercises jurisdiction over the remaining member states through OAS Charter and its prior practice and applies the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man. It: investigates complaints of individuals and institutions alleging violations of human rights in OAS member countries; prepares studies and reports and distributes them to interested bodies; organizes lectures, seminars and exchange of information to promote interest in the study of human rights at academic and professional levels. Current concerns: codification and progressive development of international human rights law in the Inter-American system; human rights of indigenous groups; human rights, political rights and representative democracy in the Inter-American system.


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English, French, Portuguese, Spanish.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 7 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 21 non-governmental organizations.
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Information Services

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Members in 0 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Peace
    • Rights

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

18. Jul 2017
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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