Benelux Union

Union Benelux
Benelux Unie

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3 Feb 1958, The Hague (Netherlands), as Benelux Economic Union -- Union économique Benelux -- Benelux-Wirtschaftsunion -- Benelux Economische Unie, on signature of the Treaty of Union by representatives of Belgium, Luxembourg (Luxembourg), Netherlands; Treaty came into force 1 Nov 1960. Belgium and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg had been linked, since 1921, by the Belgian-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU), which still exists within the Benelux Union. The political initiative to bring together the economies of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, taken during World War II, and which eventually led to the economic integration of these countries, had been started with the adoption of a Monetary Agreement, 21 Oct 1943, London (UK), a Customs Union Treaty, 5 Sep 1944, London, and the setting up of Benelux Customs Union, 1 Jan 1948. Belgium (in all its component parts), Netherlands and Luxembourg signed new Benelux Treaty, 17 June 2008, The Hague (Netherlands). Statutes registered in 'UNTS 1/11096'.


Deepen and expand cooperation between Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg so that it can continue its role as precursor within the European Union and strengthen and improve cross-border cooperation at every level.

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Projects/programmes. Management of treaties and agreements:

 • Dreiländerpark - Offener Raum ohne Grenzen;

 • Benelux conventie inzake grensoverschrijdende samenwerking tussen territoriale samenwerkingsverbanden of autoriteiten;

 • Benelux Convention on Nature Conservation and Landscape Protection;

 • Accord de Senningen;

 • Labour Treaty, in force 1 Nov 1960, covering free movement of employed workers;

 • Convention on the Transfer of Control of Persons to the External Frontiers of Benelux Territory, signed 11 Apr 1960, covering free movement of persons within the Benelux countries;

 • Benelux Treaty on Extradition and Mutual Assistance in Penal Matters, in force 11 Dec 1967;

 • Protocol on the Abolition of Controls and Formalities at Internal Benelux Frontiers, and the Abolition of Barriers to Free Movement, in force 1971;

 • Benelux Convention on Co-decedents, signed 29 Dec 1972;

 • Benelux Treaty on the Execution of Legal Decisions in Penal Matters, signed 26 Sep 1968;

 • Benelux Convention on Mandatory Civil Liability Insurance for Motor Vehicles, in force 1 June 1976;

 • Convention on the Unification of the Benelux Customs Area, in force 1971, covering abolition of customs formalities relating to trade goods at internal Benelux frontiers;

 • Benelux Convention on Trade Marks, signed 19 Mar 1962, Brussels (Belgium) and Benelux Convention on Designs or Models, concluded 25 Oct 1966, Brussels, providing for single registration of a trademark or design to be effective in all 3 Benelux countries;

 • Benelux Convention on the Hunting and Protection of Birds;

 • Benelux Convention on a Uniform Law Concerning Progressive Penalties for Non-compliance;

 • Schengen Agreement, setting up Group of Schengen;

 • Wegvervoerakkoord tussen de Benelux et de Baltische staten;

 • Protocol amending the Benelux Convention on the Hunting and Protection of Birds, 2016, signed 17 Feb 2016.


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Dutch, French.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 5 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 3 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 3 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Government
    • Intergovernmental Communities
  • Economics
    • Economic

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth



Last News Received

3. Mar 2020
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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