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In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public is the totality of such groupings. This is a different concept to the sociological concept of the Öffentlichkeit or public sphere. The concept of a public has also been defined in political science, psychology, marketing, and advertising. In public relations and communication science, it is one of the more ambiguous concepts in the field. Although it has definitions in the theory of the field that have been formulated from the early 20th century onwards, and suffered more recent years from being blurred, as a result of conflation of the idea of a public with the notions of audience, market segment, community, constituency, and stakeholder.

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Organizations relating to Public

Asociación Interamericana de Defensorias Públicas / Santiago, Chile / Est. 2003
Nordic Committee for Public Inspection of Flammable and Explosive Goods / Tønsberg, Norway / Est. 1979
International Trade Union Alliance of Public Utilities, Local Industry and Services Workers / Moscow, Russia
Societas Iuris Publici Europaei / Tübingen, Germany / Est. 2003
European Group of Public Law / Athens, Greece / Est. 1991
International Institute for Public Ethics / Mount Gravatt QLD, Australia / Est. 1998
Committee on Information / New York NY, USA / Est. 1978
Committee of Legal Advisers on Public International Law / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1991
International Committee of Memorial Museums for the Remembrance of Victims of Public Crimes / New York NY, USA / Est. 2001
Association for Public Economic Theory / Adelaide SA, Australia / Est. 1999
Pacific Islands Centre for Public Administration / Suva, Fiji
Institute on Disability and Public Policy / Est. 2011
International Public Sector Accounting Standards Board / Toronto ON, Canada / Est. 1997
International Public Foundation / Moscow, Russia / Est. 1989
European Centre for Public Affairs / Est. 1986
Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1999
Concordia / New York NY, USA / Est. 2011
Council on International and Public Affairs / New York NY, USA / Est. 1954
International Institute, Ann Arbor MI / Ann Arbor MI, USA / Est. 1993
Institute for Public Administration and European Integration / Sofia, Bulgaria / Est. 2000
Arca Foundation / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1952
Brookings Institution / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1916
Global Public Policy Institute / Berlin, Germany / Est. 2003
Hellenic Centre for European Studies / Athens, Greece / Est. 1988
International Public Policy Institute / New York NY, USA / Est. 1975
Institut européen de management public, Charleroi / Charleroi, Belgium / Est. 1993
Saskatchewan Council for International Cooperation / Regina SK, Canada / Est. 1974
European Public Support Group / Mechelen, Belgium
Istituto di Studi sul Mediterraneo / Naples, Italy / Est. 1981
Institute of International Public Law and International Relations of Thessaloniki / Thessaloniki, Greece / Est. 1966
Centre for International Public Policy and Administration / Brussels, Belgium
Centre for International and Public Law, Canberra / Canberra ACT, Australia / Est. 1990
International Association of Venue Managers / Coppell TX, USA / Est. 1924
World Public Forum / San Francisco CA, USA
RAND Center for Middle East Public Policy / Santa Monica CA, USA
Asia Pacific Public Affairs Forum / Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Public-Private Alliance Foundation / Hastings-on-Hudson NY, USA / Est. 2007
Asociación Iberoamericana de Ministerios Públicos / Madrid, Spain / Est. 1954
Nordic Association for Sciences in State Affairs
Asociación Latinoamericana de Derecho Constitucional / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1972
International Committee for Private and Public Assistance / Est. 1900
International Institute of Public Law / Est. 1927
Asociación Latinoamericana de Administración Pública
Fundación Latinoamericana de Transporte Público y Urbano
European Public Prosecutor's Office / Luxembourg, Luxembourg / Est. 2017
Conference of Ministers and Heads of Planning of Latin America and the Caribbean / Santiago, Chile / Est. 1977
Public Concern Foundation / New York NY, USA / Est. 1975
International Scientific Public Union / Minsk, Belarus
European Institute for Public Affairs and Lobbying / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1994
Institute of European Public Law, Hull / Hull, UK / Est. 1992

View all profiles (335 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Public

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Burden of servicing foreign public debt
Unethical practices in the public sector
Excessive governmental spending
Social hardships of economic reform
Inadequate transport infrastructure
Government budget deficits
Disappearance of common land
External debt crisis
Human flatulence in public
Falsification of public records
Commercialization of the airwaves
Inadequate housing among indigenous peoples
Discrimination against children
Abuse of government power
Nationalization of foreign investments
Endangered public reserves
Protectionism in public accounting and auditing services
Limited verbal skills
Scientific ignorance
Defective municipal water delivery equipment
Bribery of public officials
Inefficiency of state-controlled enterprises
Destruction of historic documents and public archives
Covert intelligence agency operations

Action Strategies relating to Public

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Providing public transportation
Improving public utilities in urban areas
Increasing public participation in environmental policy discussions
Studying public policy
Providing public health information
Facilitating public domain
Expanding public awareness of environmental health hazards
Providing public health services
Providing public access to environmental information
Expanding sustainable development education
Preserving public conscience
Coordinating government policy-making
Exposing immoral public policy
Increasing public participation in trade policy-making
Fostering popular participation in development
Forming public - private partnerships
Controlling public land use
Honouring special citizen contribution
Managing public services
Improving cooperation between regional and global organizations
Providing integrated pollution control
Outsourcing government regulatory responsibilities
Communicating environmental news on the internet
Empowering legal base
Challenging legitimacy of public authority

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