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Commerce → Credit


Credit is the trust which allows one party to provide money or resources to another party wherein the second party does not reimburse the first party immediately, but promises either to repay or return those resources at a later date. In other words, credit is a method of making reciprocity formal, legally enforceable, and extensible to a large group of unrelated people.

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Organizations relating to Credit

International Development Association / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1960
Caribbean Confederation of Credit Unions / Basseterre, St Kitts-Nevis / Est. 1972
Red Latinoamericana sobre Deuda, Desarrollo y Derechos / Lima, Peru
Latin American Confederation of Credit Unions / Panama, Panama / Est. 1970
Latin American Association of Export Credit Insurance Companies / Bogota, Colombia / Est. 1982
Association of Credit Rating Agencies in Asia / Karachi, Pakistan / Est. 2001
Association of Asian Confederation of Credit Unions / Bangkok, Thailand / Est. 1971
Asian Credit Supplementation Institution Confederation / Taipei, Taiwan / Est. 1988
Asociación Latinoamericana y del Caribe de Burós de Crédito / Est. 2004
Asia Pacific Loan Market Association / Central, Hong Kong / Est. 1998
Asia Pacific Smart Card Association / Shanghai, China
European Association of Certified Turnaround Professionals / Derby, UK
Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1996
Central American Monetary Council / San José, Costa Rica / Est. 1964
Islamic Corporation for the Insurance of Investment and Export Credit / Jeddah, Saudi Arabia / Est. 1994
European Credit Research Institute / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1999
Internationale Raiffeisen Union e.V. / Bonn, Germany / Est. 1968
EUROSMART / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1995
Turnaround Management Association - Europe / London, UK
African Forum and Network on Debt and Development / Harare, Zimbabwe / Est. 1996
Group of Three ABM / Est. 1987
Cartagena Group / Est. 1984
Jubilee South / Quezon City, Philippines
LIC - League International for Creditors / Est. 1962
ECLOF International / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1946
Oikocredit / Est. 1975
Comité pour l'annulation de la dette du Tiers-monde / Liège, Belgium / Est. 1990
Arab Investment and Export Credit Guarantee Corporation / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1974
Nordiska Projektexportfonden / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1982
Forum on Debt and Development / Amsterdam, Netherlands / Est. 1987
International Energy Credit Association / Mount Laurel NJ, USA / Est. 1923
ECOWAS Network on Debt and Development / Benin City, Nigeria / Est. 1998
Opportunity International / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1979
European Network on Debt and Development / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1990
Jubilee Research / Est. 1996
Institute of International Finance / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1983
Paris Club of Industrial Country Creditors / Est. 1956
PLR International / Est. 1995
Jubilee South - Asian Peoples' Movement on Debt and Development / Quezon City, Philippines
ECA Watch
American Express Foundation / New York NY, USA
Freedom from Debt Coalition / Quezon City, Philippines / Est. 1988
Credit Union Foundation Australia / Sydney NSW, Australia
Stichting DOEN / Amsterdam, Netherlands / Est. 1991
ILCU International Development Foundation / Dublin, Ireland / Est. 1980
Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1961
Turnaround Management Association - Global / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1988
Observatori del Deute en la Globalització / Barcelona, Spain
Smart Card Alliance / Princeton Junction NJ, USA
Mastercard Foundation / Toronto ON, Canada / Est. 2006

View all profiles (195 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Credit

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

External debt crisis
National public debt
Social hardships of economic reform
External national budget deficit
Government budget deficits
Burden of servicing foreign public debt
Overexploitation of underground water resources
Business bankruptcy
Excessive growth of social expenditure
Enforced curtailment of living standards in borrower nations
International indebtedness arising from insurance transactions
Restrictive conditions on loans through intergovernmental facilities
Insufficient national creditworthiness
Debt slavery
Export credit competition
Failure to to observe contractual terms of payments
Profit-oriented interest payments
Inadequate credit guidelines
Bad loans
Deteriorating terms of international financial loans to vulnerable countries
Lack of credit facilities for small and medium enterprises
Irregular payments of international financial obligations
Defaults on international loans
War debt
Unethical real estate practice

Action Strategies relating to Credit

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Financing energy efficiency
Relieving development assistance debt
Researching public debt and debt management
Tackling global debt issue
Endorsing permanent foreign debt settlement
Cancelling international debt
Developing social banking
Improving access of rural poor to credit
Providing loans for micro-enterprise
Enabling economic cooperatives
Facilitating economic structural adjustment
Slowing pace of structural adjustment
Providing guaranteed credits
Exposing effective negative loans from development banks to developing countries
Reducing commercial bank debt of heavily indebted countries
Developing global currency
Defining common standards for credit
Financial rescuing
Providing emergency loan guarantees
Providing loans
Using debt-for-nature swaps
Improving access of women to resources, technology and credit
Improving public debt relief for developing countries
Providing ethical mortgage

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