Technology → Electronics
Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of electrons in vacuum and matter. This distinguishes it from classical electrical engineering as it uses active devices to control electron flow by amplification and rectification rather than just using passive effects such as resistance, capacitance and inductance. The identification of the electron in 1897, along with the subsequent invention of the vacuum tube which could amplify and rectify small electrical signals, inaugurated the field of electronics and the electron age. This distinction started around 1906 with the invention by Lee De Forest of the triode, which made electrical amplification of weak radio signals and audio signals possible with a non-mechanical device. Until 1950, this field was called "radio technology" because its principal application was the design and theory of radio transmitters, receivers, and vacuum tubes.
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Organizations relating to Electronics
Euro-Network for Electronic Structure Calculations / Warrington, UK
ASM International / Materials Park OH, USA / Est. 1913
Electronic Business Group / Paris, France / Est. 1998
European Circuit Society / Kongens Lyngby, Denmark / Est. 1993
UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce / Vienna, Austria / Est. 1996
ERTICO ITS Europe / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1991
International Advanced Robotics Programme / Manchester, UK / Est. 1982
United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1997
World Chambers Network
International Committee on Electronic Information and Communication / Bath, UK
NEXUS / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1993
Mechatronics Coordination Group
Asian Federation of Electronic Circuits
Latin American and Caribbean Federation for Internet and Electronic Commerce / Montevideo, Uruguay / Est. 1999
Global Network for B2B Integration in High Tech Industries / Hoegaarden, Belgium / Est. 1986
International Association of Users and Developers of Electronic Libraries and New Information Technologies / Moscow, Russia / Est. 1996
International Union of Electronic, Electrical, Salaried, Machine and Furniture Workers / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1949
International Committee for Robot Arms Control / Sheffield, UK / Est. 2009
International Coordinating Committee on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems / Barcelona, Spain / Est. 1981
CLAWAR Association / High Wycombe, UK
European Power Electronics and Drives Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1983
Electronic Privacy Information Center / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1994
DIGITALEUROPE / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1999
Arab Institute of Navigation / Alexandria, Egypt / Est. 1978
World Problems relating to ElectronicsFrom the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential
Action Strategies relating to ElectronicsFrom the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential
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