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UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth


Productivity describes various measures of the efficiency of production. Often, a productivity measure is expressed as the ratio of an aggregate output to a single input or an aggregate input used in a production process, i.e. output per unit of input, typically over a specific period of time. Most common example is the (aggregate) labour productivity measure, e.g., such as GDP per worker. There are many different definitions of productivity and the choice among them depends on the purpose of the productivity measurement and/or data availability. The key source of difference between various productivity measures is also usually related to how the outputs and the inputs are aggregated into scalars to obtain such a ratio-type measure of productivity.

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Organizations relating to Productivity

International Society for Performance Improvement / Silver Spring MD, USA / Est. 1962
World Association for Cooperative Education / Lowell MA, USA / Est. 1983
Proyectos de Innovación IBEROEKA / Madrid, Spain / Est. 1991
World Confederation of Productivity Science / Montréal QC, Canada / Est. 1969
International Society for Productivity Enhancement / Delft, Netherlands / Est. 1984
European Federation of Productivity Services / Hamburg, Germany / Est. 1961
International Quality and Productivity Center / London, UK / Est. 1989
Institute for Productive Learning in Europe / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1989
International Olive Council / Madrid, Spain / Est. 1959
Intergovernmental Group on Meat and Dairy Products / Rome, Italy / Est. 1970
International Methods Time-Measurement Directorate / Varese, Italy / Est. 1957
Asian Productivity Organization / Tokyo, Japan / Est. 1961
International Service for the Acquisition of Agri-biotech Applications / Ithaca NY, USA / Est. 1991
International Association for the Distributive Trade / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1952
International Network of Productive Learning Projects and Schools / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1990
World Academy of Productivity Science / Montréal QC, Canada / Est. 1969
European Association of National Productivity Centres / Leuven, Belgium / Est. 1966
International Fertilizer Development Center / Muscle Shoals AL, USA / Est. 1974
Once Acre Fund / Est. 2006
Global Alliance for Energy Productivity / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2015
Consejo Iberoamericano para la Productividad y la Competitividad / Madrid, Spain / Est. 2015
Joint Programming Initiative on Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2017

View all profiles (22 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Productivity

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Counter-productive price supports and subsidies
Unsustainable short-term improvements in agricultural productivity
Ageing of world population
Soil degradation
Unproductive dependents
Underuse of high productivity methods of agricultural management
Private ownership
Non-productive use of cattle and livestock
Counter-productive agricultural subsidies
Non-productive capitalist elites
Socio-economically inactive population
Unsustainable cultivation of long-lifed trees
Waste of human resources
Declining economic productivity
Unproductive subsistence agriculture
Waste of non-renewable resources
Waste of resources
Ineffective means for goods supply and distribution
Declining agricultural land

Action Strategies relating to Productivity

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Developing technologies
Refining capabilities for natural resource productivity
Increasing small farmers enterprise and income
Increasing efficiency of manual farming
Achieving cleaner production
Strengthening comprehensive health care for women
Enhancing vocational training capacity
Restoring sustainable productivity in severely desertified drylands
Promoting women's economic self-reliance
Conserving global marine biological diversity
Maximizing waste reuse
Creating productive employment relating to the environment
Increasing productivity of capitalist systems
Defining necessary skills
Developing comprehensive productive systems
Activating productivity by system breakthroughs
Assuring full catch utilization
Developing productive enterprises
Disseminating modern productivity knowledge techniques
Enhancing productivity
Decreasing rate of productivity increase
Increasing productivity of technical aids
Implementing productive uses
Developing privately owned productive enterprises
Developing youth vocational skills

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